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Table 3 Crude and adjusted logistic regression for use of dental service in the public sector. São Paulo, 2003 and 2008

From: Socioeconomic inequalities in dental health services in Sao Paulo, Brazil, 2003–2008

  Dental health service use in the public sector-2003 Dental health service use in the public sector-2008 Difference in association of socioeconomic factor and dental service use between 2003 and 2008a Dental health service use from public sector- 2003 and 2008b
  Dental service use from public sector
% (n)
Crude OR
(95% CI)
Adjusted ORc
(95% CI)
Dental service use from public sector
% (n)
Crude OR
(95% CI)
Adjusted ORc
(95% CI)
Crude Model-
p-value
Adjusted Model-
p-value
p-value
Education        0.098 0.075  
 0–3 19.0 (21) 1 1 14.9 (20) 1 1    0.048
 4–7 9.9 (18) 0.5 (0.2–0.9) 0.5 (0.2–0.9) 15.00 (31) 1.0 (0.5–2.1) 1.1 (0.5–2.2)    0.865
 8–11 6.2 (13) 0.3 (0.1–0.8) 0.3 (0.1–0.9) 6.9 (36) 0.4 (0.2–0.8) 0.4 (0.2–0.8)    0.201
 12+ 0.5 (2) 0.02 (0.01–0.1) 0.02 (0.01–0.2) 2.0 (4) 0.1 (0.04–0.4) 0.1 (0.04–0.8)    0.248
Household incomed        0.084 0.069  
 ≤1 10.5 (9) 1 1 14.5 (21) 1 1    0.255
 >1 to 2.5 16.2 (15) 1.7 (0.5–5.2) 1.9 (0.6–5.9) 8.3 (26) 0.5 (0.2–1.2) 0.5 (0.2–1.3)    0.121
 ≥2.5 to 6 8.0 (25) 0.7 (0.2–2.9) 0.8 (0.2–3.2) 2.6 (8) 0.2 (0.1–0.6) 0.2 (0.1–0.6)    0.002
 ≥6 1.4 (5) 0.1 (0.02–0.6) 0.1 (0.03–0.7) 2.4 (7) 0.1 (0.02–0.4) 0.1 (0.02–0.4)    0.804
Housing condition        0.142 0.067  
 Adequate 5.4 (45) 1 1 6.3 (79) 1 1    0.668
 Inadequate 8.8 (9) 1.7 (0.5–5.8) 1.9 (0.5–6.5) 11.6 (12) 1.9 (0.9–4.2) 1.9 (0.9–4.3)    0.157
Ethnicity        0.800 0.426  
 Caucasian 5.2 (32) 1 1 4.7 (44) 1 1    0.995
 Non-Caucasian 7.5 (22) 1.5 (0.6–3.3) 1.7 (0.8–3.7) 11.4 (47) 2.6 (1.4–4.8) 2.9 (1.6–5.2)    0.701
  1. aDifferences in socioeconomic characteristics between 2003 and 2008 among population who used dental services
  2. bDifference between proportions in 2003 and proportions in 2008. Chi-square Pearson
  3. cAdjusted for age and gender
  4. dMissings were excluded