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Table 1 Characteristics of the ISA-Capital 2003 and ISA-Capital 2008 respondents living in the city of São Paulo, Brazil

From: Socioeconomic inequalities in dental health services in Sao Paulo, Brazil, 2003–2008

  2003 2008 Trend 2003–2008
Total sample 1667 2086  
Sociodemographic factors  
 Age group %a (n)b %a (n)b  
  20–59 84.0 (795) 83.7 (1162)  
  60+ 16.0 (872) 16.3 (924)  
 Gender    
  Male 45.1 (803) 46.3 (848)  
  Female 54.9 (864) 53.7 (1238)  
 Socioeconomic factors  
  Ethnicity    <0.001c
  Caucasian 67.42 (1077) 62.2 (1311)  
  Non-caucasian 32.6 (542) 37.8 (770)  
 Education (years of study)    0.001c
  0–3 14.2 (450) 10.2 (413)  
  4–7 25.7 (509) 19.0 (591)  
  8–11 36.2 (450) 46.6 (774)  
  12+ 23.9 (231) 24.2 (305)  
 Household income (minimum legal wage)    0.356c
  ≤1 12.5 (262) 9.9 (241)  
  >1 to 2.5 27.6 (386) 38.6 (628)  
  ≥2.5 to 6 32.3 (434) 31.4 (459)  
  ≥6 27.6 (251) 20.1 (211)  
 Housing condition    0.199c
  Adequate 83.1 (1410) 88.2 (1805)  
  Inadequate 16.9 (257) 11.8 (281)  
Dental health service use  
 Dental health service use 46.7 (611) 55.4 (1002) 0.001c
  Dental health service use in public sector 5.8 (54) 6.8 (91) 0.516c
  1. aPercentages weighted according to the weight given in the sampling process
  2. bUnweighted frequency
  3. cDifference between proportions in 2003 and proportions in 2008 Chi-square Pearson