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Table 4 Overview of the studies reviewed

From: Which aspects of health care are most valued by people living with HIV in high-income countries? A systematic review

Study Country Aim relevant to this review Methods Service type HIV+ Sample N (HIV+) Mean Age (Years) Gender (% male) Ethnicity
Allan & Clarke (2005) UK To determine whether existing HIV services in Leeds meet the needs of HIV-positive asylum seekers. Qualitative: Interviews GUM service Asylum seekers 14 Not stated Not stated Not stated
Baker et al. (2014) USA To analyse satisfaction with health care among African American women living with HIV/AIDS Quantitative: Questionnaire HIV outpatient clinic African American women 157 40 (SD 9) 0 100% African American
Bennett et al. (2014) UK To explore the experience and needs of people living with HIV who are accessing healthcare services. Qualitative: Focus groups Not stated General 16 Not stated 44 Not stated
Bodenlos et al. (2004) USA To develop and validate an instrument to measure patient attitudes toward Health Care Professionals in the HIV population. Quantitative: Questionnaire Outpatient clinic General 129 38 (median) (Range 18–61) 57 83% African American 16% Caucasian
1% Hispanic
Dang et al. (2012) USA To determine components which contribute to patients’ satisfaction with HIV care and the relative importance of each component. Quantitative: Questionnaire HIV outpatient service General 489 48 (SD 11) 71 61% Non Hispanic Black
15% Non Hispanic White
21% Hispanic 3% Other
Davis-Michaud et al. (2004) USA To explore patient preferences regarding HIV care. Qualitative and quantitative: Focus groups and ranking exercise Not specified General 29 41 (Range 26–60) 69 25% African American
7% Latino
62% Caucasian
3% Asian
3% Native American
Dawson-Rose et al. (2005) USA To identify barriers and facilitators to care among HIV positive injection drug users. Qualitative: Interviews Not specified Injection drug users 161 35 (SD 7) 50 62 % African American 13% Latino 21% Caucasian 4% Mixed/Other
Emlet & Berghuis (2002) USA To explore service use differences between younger and older persons with HIV/AIDS? Quantitative: Questionnaire Not specified General (Divided into groups based on age) 287 Younger group
34 (SD 3.9)
Older group
54 (SD 4.5)
Younger group
86
Older group
94
Younger group
70% White
29% Non-white
Older group
78% White
21% Non-white
Harrison et al. (2009) UK To conduct a patient survey to help design a new HIV/Sexual Health service. Quantitative: Questionnaire HIV/sexual health outpatient clinic General 59 Not stated Not stated 38% African
Hekkink et al. (2003) Netherlands To develop and validate a questionnaire to measure the quality of HIV care from the patient’s perspective. Qualitative and quantitative: Focus groups and questionnaire Not specified General Focus groups 15
Questionnaire
44
Focus groups 49 (Range 30–62)
Questionnaire 43 (SD 7.6)
Focus groups
80
Questionnaire
84
Not stated
Hekkink et al. (2005) Netherlands To compare patients’ perceptions of the quality of HIV care received from nursing consultants, HIV specialists and GPs. Quantitative: Questionnaire GP and specialist HIV care General 153 44 (SD 7.4) 90 Not stated
Hope et al. (2001) UK To collect data to inform the improvement of HIV/GUM services in West London. Quantitative: Questionnaire HIV/GUM outpatient clinic General 202 16 % ≤30 yrs
84 % > 30 yrs
88 82% White
8% Black
6% Mixed race
3% Asian
Laschinger et al. (2005) Canada To describe and compare perceptions of HIV care from the perspectives of patients and health care professionals. Qualitative: Focus groups HIV/mixed outpatient clinics General Not stated Not stated Not stated Not stated
Mallinson et al. (2007) USA To discover what specific provider behaviours influence engagement in HIV care from the client’s perspective. Qualitative: Interviews Community services/clinics General 76 39
(Range 19–58)
51 51% African American 19% Hispanic 13% Mixed race 12% White/Caucasian
4% Native American 1% Asian
McCoy (2005) Canada To explore HIV patients' perceptions of 'good doctoring'. Qualitative: Interviews and focus groups Community services/clinics General 79 Early 20s to late 50s 72 Not stated
Moore et al. (2010) USA To assess the value of the QUOTE-HIV questionnaire to identify African American patients’ perceptions of HIV care and further explore health care disparities in the HIV-positive African American population. Qualitative and quantitative: Questionnaire and focus groups Mixed African-Americans Questionnaire 55
Interviews
16
Range 20-59 69 100% African American
Pollard et al. (2015) UK To examine patients’ preferences for the future delivery of services Qualitative: Focus groups HIV outpatient clinic General 74 Not stated 61 41% White British
4% White other
41% Black African
7% Other Black
3% Mixed race
Ndirangu & Evans (2009) UK To explore migrant African women's experiences of coping with HIV and their views about the HIV services. Qualitative: Interviews Hospital clinic/drop in centre African women living in the UK 8 Range 30s-50 0 62% Zimbabwean
13% Congolese
25% Malawian
Sullivan et al. (2000) USA To explore the extent to which various aspects of the doctor-patient relationship were associated with overall satisfaction with the doctor. Quantitative: Two satisfaction questions Outpatient clinic General 146 37 (SD 7.9) 75 49% Black
21% Hispanic
30% White
Tsasis et al. (2000) Canada To explore factors associated with satisfaction with HIV care. Quantitative: Questionnaire Outpatient clinic General 193 Majority aged 30–49 years 91 Not stated
Vyavaharkar et al. (2008) USA To explore the perceptions of the availability, accessibility, and quality of HIV health care and social services of African American women residing in rural South Carolina. Qualitative: Focus groups Not stated African-American women 22 44 (SD 9.2) 0 100% African American
Williams et al. (2011) USA To determine the barriers to and facilitators of consistently attending HIV medical care visits among a group of PLWH who had successfully negotiated enrolling in HIV care. Qualitative: Focus groups Public infectious disease clinic General 25 40
(Range 24–54)
60 84% African American
Zablotska et al. (2009) Australia To explore service needs of gay men living with HIV and any barriers to accessing them. Quantitative: Questionnaire Mixed (GP/outpatient services/sexual health clinics) Men who have sex with men 270 46 (median)
(Range 26–72)
100 Not stated
  1. GP = General practitioner; GUM = Genitourinary Medicine