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Table 2 Descriptive statistics for study variables in 2009 and 2012

From: Does the new cooperative medical scheme reduce inequality in catastrophic health expenditure in rural China?

Variables 2009 2012
N (%) N (%)
Economic status (reference group = Quintile1)
 Quintile2 194 (19.98) 139 (20.03)
 Quintile3 194 (19.98) 138 (19.88)
 Quintile4 194 (19.98) 139 (20.03)
 Quintile5 194 (19.98) 139 (20.03)
Household member ≥ 65 256 (26.36) 223 (32.13)
Household member ≤ 5 194 (19.98) 96 (13.83)
Household head
 Sex (male) 890 (91.66) 641 (92.36)
 Education (reference group = below primary school level)
  Junior middle school 406 (41.81) 279 (40.20)
  Senior middle school and above 99 (10.20) 65 (9.37)
 Occupation (farmer) 826 (85.07) 600 (86.46)
Household size (reference group = 1–3 members)
  ≥ 4 members 525 (54.07) 382 (55.04)
Chronic disease 588 (60.56) 352 (50.72)
Self-assessed health (reference group = worse)
 Normal 261 (26.88) 168 (24.21)
 Better 493 (50.77) 413 (59.51)
Total 971 694