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Table 4 Results from multivariate regression analysis of patient activation score at baseline

From: Patient activation in older people with long-term conditions and multimorbidity: correlates and change in a cohort study in the United Kingdom

  All Participants ( N = 3293) Participants with >=2 LTCs (N = 1563)
Independent variable b 95% CI Beta (β) p b 95% CI Beta (β) p
Age -0.19 -0.26 to -0.11 -0.08 0.000 -0.16 -0.25 to -0.07 -0.08 0.001
Gender
Male         
Female -0.72 -1.47 to 0.47 -0.02 0.095 -0.40 -1.65 to 0.86 -0.01 0.523
Living status
Living with others         
Living alone 1.72 0.67 to 2.89 0.05 0.015 1.14 -0.63 to 2.91 0.04 0.199
Work status  
Employed         
Retired -0.31 -1.94 to 1.32 0.00   2.36 -2.25 to 6.97 0.03  
Other 2.45 -3.36 to 8.26 0.00 0.437 6.67 -3.15 to 16.49 0.05 0.327
Health literacy  
Never needs help         
Rarely needs help -4.54 -6.09 to -2.98 -0.09    
Sometimes needs help -4.58 -6.25 to -2.90 -0.09 -3.57 -5.66 to -1.48 -0.08
Often needs help -5.12 -7.82 to -2.41 -0.06 -5.61 -8.61 to -2.61 -0.08
Always needs help -9.56 -12.80 to -6.32 -0.13 0.000 -9.86 -13.94 to -5.78 -0.17 0.000
Number of LTC 0.03 -0.27 to 0.32 0.00 0.846 0.72 0.31 to 1.13 0.08 0.001
Depression 0.09 0.06 to 0.12 0.13 0.000 0.08 0.04 to 0.12 0.11 0.001
HRQoL 9.56 6.71 to 12.40 0.16 0.000 4.95 0.93 to 8097 0.09 0.017
Social Support 4.32 3.14 to 5.50 0.13 0.000 3.73 1.78 to 5.68 0.12 0.000
MULTIPleS - - - - -0.27 -0.40 to -0.13 -0.16 0.000
  R2 0.168, Adjusted R20.164 R2 0.176, Adjusted R2 0.169