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Table 1 Participant characteristics

From: Patient activation in older people with long-term conditions and multimorbidity: correlates and change in a cohort study in the United Kingdom

Continuous Variables n Mean SD
Age 4098 75 6.8
PAM Score    
 Baseline 3539 60.83 15.4
 6 month Follow Up 2795 60.33 20.0
 Depression 4123 67.1 22.4
MULTIPleS a    
 Summary Score 1703 35.6 9.1
 Treatment Burden 1836 11.3 3.5
 Prioritisation 1898 11.1 2.9
 Causal Role 1831 6.3 2.2
 Activity Restriction 1928 7.0 2.5
  n %
Gender    
 Male 2023 46.6  
 Female 2315 53.4  
Number of LTC    
 1 LTC 1115 25.5
 2 or more 2631 60.1  
Ethnicity   
 White British 4123 95.4  
Living alone   
 Yes 1594 36.9  
 No 2731 63.1  
Employment status    
 Working 206 4.9
 Retired/not economically active 3985 93.8  
 Other 57 1.3  
Health Literacy b   
 Never needs help 2974 70.3  
 Rarely needs help 427 10.1  
 Sometimes needs help 455 10.8  
 Often needs help 158 3.7  
 Always needs help 215 5.1  
Social Support   
 Poor social support 1392 33.6  
 Good social support 2755 66.4  
  1. aMULTIPleS only for those who self-reported 2 or more LTCs
  2. bSingle Item Literacy Screener (SILS)