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Table 5 Comparison of mean activation score (standard error in parentheses) between countries with and without taking account of age, sex and self-reported health status

From: Patient activation in Europe: an international comparison of psychometric properties and patients’ scores on the short form Patient Activation Measure (PAM-13)

PAM score Danish Dutch German Norwegian F
PAM unadjusted 64.1 (0.80) 61.2 (0.34) 67.2 (0.66) 66.3 (0.29) 49.66*
PAM adjusted 62.1 (0.79) 61.4 (0.33) 63.7 (0.68) 67.4 (0.30) 63.42*
  1. *p < 0.001
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