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Table 2 Scores on PAM items

From: Patient activation in Europe: an international comparison of psychometric properties and patients’ scores on the short form Patient Activation Measure (PAM-13)

PAM item no Danish Dutch German Norwegian
Mean (SD) % MV % NA Mean (SD) % MV % NA Mean (SD) % MV % NA Mean (SD) % MV % NA
1 3.60 (0.53) 0.0 0.6 3.32 (0.71) 1.0 1.7 3.65 (0.57) 0.8 - 3.67 (0.57) 0.6 0.1
2 3.48 (0.57) 0.3 0.3 3.20 (0.69) 3.2 12.9 3.55 (0.59) 1.2 - 3.82 (0.47) 0.3 0.4
3 3.49 (0.59) 0.6 0.9 3.10 (0.73) 1.5 5.1 3.56 (0.59) 0.2 - 3.24 (0.70) 1.3 0.5
4 3.14 (0.66) 3.1 17.4 3.20 (0.66) 0.4 5.1 3.74 (0.52) 0.6 - 3.24 (0.78) 1.1 10.2
5 2.99 (0.72) 0.6 8.5 3.24 (0.60) 0.5 0.7 3.39 (0.67) 0.6 - 3.20 (0.72) 0.8 1.3
6 3.26 (0.66) 0.3 4.6 3.29 (0.61) 0.9 0.9 3.64 (0.60) 0.2 - 3.50 (0.67) 0.5 0.4
7 3.37 (0.55) 0.3 2.7 3.30 (0.57) 1.6 17.6 3.01 (0.91) 1.8 - 3.58 (0.65) 1.0 5.5
8 3.28 (0.59) 0.0 7.6 3.23 (0.67) 0.9 2.7 3.08 (0.78) 0.6 - 3.15 (0.80) 0.4 0.8
9 3.02 (0.67) 0.3 17.1 3.10 (0.67) 1.4 4.3 2.90 (0.85) 1.4 - 2.81 (0.84) 0.7 1.1
10 3.00 (0.68) 0.6 5.5 3.03 (0.66) 1.8 12.9 3.15 (0.70) 1.0 - 3.26 (0.69) 1.1 3.4
11 3.08 (0.57) 0.6 8.8 2.95 (0.70) 1.0 6.8 3.22 (0.66) 1.0 - 2.99 (0.82) 1.1 0.8
12 2.94 (0.60) 0.3 16.5 2.62 (0.75) 1.2 8.0 2.97 (0.83) 0.6 - 2.82 (0.75) 3.0 1.7
13 2.83 (0.74) 0.0 11.9 2.84 (0.70) 1.0 7.4 2.90 (0.80) 0.4 - 3.08 (0.73) 2.7 1.3
  1. %MV = percentage of missing values
  2. %NA = percentage not applicable; category not used in German studies
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