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Table 1 Individual and Unit Level Scales

From: Individual and organizational predictors of health care aide job satisfaction in long term care

Scale Description Number of Items Scoring Cronbach’s Alpha
Unit Level
 ACT-Leadership The actions of formal leaders in the unit influence change and excellence in practice. 6 Mean of items on five-point Likert scale (strongly disagree to strongly agree) 0.8369
 ACT-Culture The way that “we do things” in our organization and work units. 6 Mean of items on five-point Likert scale (strongly disagree to strongly agree) 0.7707
 ACT-Evaluation The process of using data to assess group/team performances and to achieve outcomes in organizations or units. 6 Mean of items on five-point Likert scale (strongly disagree to strongly agree) 0.7969
 ACT-Formal Interaction Formal exchanges that occur between individuals working within an organization (unit) through scheduled activities that can promote the transfer of knowledge. 4 Five-point Likert frequency scale (never-almost always). Recode to 0 = no interaction, 1 = interaction. Take count of recoded items. 0.4401
 ACT-Informal Interaction Information exchanges that occur between individuals working within a organization (unit) that can promote the transfer of knowledge. 9 Five-point Likert frequency scale (never-almost always). Recode to 0 = no interaction, 1 = interaction. Take count of recoded items. 0.6820
 ACT-Social Capital The stock of active connections among people. 6 Mean of items on five-point Likert scale (strongly disagree to strongly agree) 0.7430
 ACT-Structural Resources The structural and electronic elements of an organization (unit) that facilitate the ability to assess and use knowledge. 7 Five-point Likert frequency scale (never to almost always). Recode items to 0 = no resource, 1 = resource, take count of recoded items. 0.7329
 ACT-Organizational Slack-Staff The cushion of actual or potential resources that allows an organization (unit) to adapt successfully to internal pressures for adjustments or to external pressures for changes. 3 Mean of items on five-point Likert scale (strongly disagree to strongly agree) 0.9291
 ACT-Organizational Slack-Space 2 Mean of items on five-point Likert scale (strongly disagree to strongly agree) 0.8085
 ACT-Organizational Slack-Time 4 Mean of items on five-point Likert scale (strongly disagree to strongly agree) 0.8586
Individual Level
 MBI-Exhaustion Job stress that results in psychological exhaustion. 3 Mean of items on seven-point Likert frequency scale (never-daily) 0.7521
 MBI-Cynicism 3 Mean of items on seven-point Likert frequency scale (never-daily) 0.6293
 MBI-Professional Efficacy 3 Mean of items on seven-point Likert frequency scale (never-daily) 0.5168