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Table 2 Clinical characteristics of patients according to pharmacy user status, 2010

From: Pharmacy use by dual-eligible non-elderly veterans with private healthcare insurance

  Pharmacy user status group (N = 5783)  
Characteristic VHA only Dual Non-VHA only Statistics
N = 1165 N = 1683 N = 2935 X2 or F; DF; p
Age, mean (SD) 53.7 (10.2) 54.9 (9.7) 52.5 (10.8) F = 29.2; DF = 2; p < .001
Sex, n (%)
 Male 1125 (96.6) 1590 (94.5) 2732 (93.1) X2 = 18.8; DF = 2; p < .001
 Female 40 (3.4) 93 (5.5) 203 (6.9)  
Residence, n (%)
 Rural 707 (60.7) 1080 (64.2) 1712 (58.3) X2 = 15.7; DF = 4; p = .003
 Urban 449 (38.5) 593 (35.2) 1197 (40.8)  
 Unknown 9 (0.8) 10 (0.6) 26 (0.9)  
Service Connection, n (%)
 None 585 (50.2) 852 (50.6) 2070 (70.5) X2 = 447; DF = 8; p < .001
 1–10 % 185 (15.9) 255 (15.2) 449 (15.3)  
 11–80 % 369 (31.7) 523 (31.1) 331 (11.3)  
 81–100 % 20 (1.7) 49 (2.9) 19 (0.7)  
 Unknown 6 (0.5) 4 (0.2) 66 (2.3)  
Prescription fills, mean (SD) 17.6 (17.2) 31.7 (25.5) 21.7 (21.7) F = 164; DF = 2; p < .001
Outpatient visits, mean (SD)
 Medical 14.3 (13.5) 23.6 (21.9) 13.6 (16.3) F = 183; DF = 2; p < .001
 Mental health 1.4 (4.1) 1.8 (5.5) 0.7 (5.6) F = 26.9; DF = 2; p < .001
 Total 15.7 (14.8) 25.4 (23.5) 14.2 (17.5) F = 191; DF = 2; p < .001
Inpatient admission, n (%)
 Medical 46 (4.0) 177 (10.5) 214 (7.3) X2 = 43.1; DF = 2; p < .001
 Mental health 5 (0.4) 16 (1.0) 5 (0.2) X2 = 14.6; DF = 2; p < .001
 Any 50 (4.3) 191 (11.4) 219 (7.5) X2 = 48.8; DF = 2; p < .001