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Table 3 Inter-factor Correlations (below diagonal) Average Variance Extracted (diagonal) and Shared Variance Estimates (above diagonal) for the nine HLQ scales

From: Measuring health literacy in community agencies: a Bayesian study of the factor structure and measurement invariance of the health literacy questionnaire (HLQ)

  1. Understood 2. Sufficient information 3. Active management 4. Social support 5. Appraisal 6. Active engagement 7. Navigate 8. Good information 9. Understand information
1. Feeling understood and supported by healthcare providers 0.63 0.45 0.27 0.51 0.12 0.41 0.30 0.16 0.02
2. Having sufficient information to manage my health 0.67* 0.55 0.38 0.51 0.19 0.42 0.39 0.35 0.03
3. Actively managing my health 0.52* 0.62* 0.71 0.38 0.43 0.20 0.19 0.25 0.11
4. Social support for health 0.71* 0.72* 0.62* 0.63 0.18 0.44 0.41 0.30 0.05
5. Appraisal of health information 0.34* 0.44* 0.66* 0.42* 0.47 0.08 0.09 0.26 0.08
6. Ability of actively engage with healthcare providers 0.64* 0.65* 0.45* 0.66* 0.27 0.59 0.79 0.65 0.19
7. Navigating the health system 0.55* 0.62* 0.44* 0.64* 0.30 0.89* 0.56 0.71 0.27
8. Ability to find good health information 0.40* 0.59* 0.50* 0.55* 0.51* 0.80* 0.85* 0.53 0.30
9. Understanding health information well enough to know what to do 0.15 0.16 0.34* 0.21 0.28 0.43* 0.52* 0.54* 0.37
  1. Note: (i) Statistically significant (pr < 0.05) correlations are asterisked;
  2. (ii) Average variance extracted (AVE) by each latent variable is in bold italics (on the diagonal):
  3. (iii) Latent variable shared variance estimates that exceeded the AVE of either or both variables underlined