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Table 3 Human Resource and logistics characteristics by facility type

From: Public health facility resource availability and provider adherence to first antenatal guidelines in a low resource setting in Accra, Ghana

Variable Hospital Polyclinic p-value All facilities
Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Range Mean (SD)
Average monthly ANC attendance 1424.0 (181.2) 1476.3 (744.2) 0.89 179.0–2563.0 1329.8 (641.1)
ANC clinical staffa 75.0 (29.4) 35.8 (9.0) 0.03 9.0–119.0 54.7 (32.5)
Doctor/ OBGYN 18.7 (12.0) 3.6 (1.7) 0.02 1.0–40.0 11.8 (11.6)
Support staffb 22.7 (7.8) 11.8 (4.0) 0.03 6.0–36.0 17.2 (8.8)
ANC average workload per monthc 22.7 (12.8) 41.4 (15.5) 0.07 6.2–55.7 29.2 (15.7)
ANC workload score 0.4 (0.2) 0.7 (0.3) 0.07 0.1–1.0 0.5 (0.3)
Availability of ANC drugs score 0.9 (0.1) 0.8 (0.1) 0.24 0.8–1.0 0.89 (0.13)
Availability of lab testing score 0.9 (0.1) 1.0 (0.0) 0.45 0.9–1.0 1.0 (0.0)
Proportion of clinical staff trained on SMP 0.4 (0.3) 0.7 (0.1) 0.17 0.2–0.0 0.6 (0.2)
  1. ANC means antenatal care; OBGYN means obstetrician-gynecologist; SD means standard deviation; SMP means national safe motherhood service protocol
  2. aANC clinical staff refers to doctors (including specialists) and midwives
  3. bANC support staff refers to pharmacists, pharmacy technologists, dispensing technicians, biomedical scientists, laboratory technologists and laboratory assistants
  4. cUnit of measurement: number of clients per health worker; p-values pertain to comparisons between the hospitals and polyclinics