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Table 4 Metrological properties of the first version of the organizational culture questionnaire

From: Design and validation of a questionnaire to assess organizational culture in French hospital wards

Heading Nb of items Response rates Saturation Correlations Overall PCA (31 factors) Cronbach Alpha values
     <0.20 >0.60    
1. Engagement at work
 a. Engagement with hospital department 6 (97.2–99.8) Ceiling effect (3) (2)   F3(1) F12(3) F24(1) F31(1) 0.668 (1)
 b. Work to earning balance 4 (99.0–99.2) Ceiling effect (1) (3)   F22(3) F31(1) 0.393 (1)
 c. Acceptance of department standards 4 (98.4–99.2) Ceiling effect (1) (4)   F10(2) F31(1) 0.575 (1)
 d. Professional aims 5 (99.1–99.8) Ceiling effect (5)    F2(5) 0.712  
2. Perceived results of the running of the department
 a. Satisfaction at work 5 (99.2–99.5)    2 F11(5) 0.840  
 b. Likelihood of remaining on staff 6 (98.5–99.1) Ceiling effect (4)   5 F3(6) 0.911 (1)
 c. Workload 8 (98.3–99.1) Ceiling effect (1) (1)   F6(5) F9(1) F29(2) 0.777 (1)
 d. Work exhaustion 5 (97.6–99.0)   (1)   F5(1) F6(1) F9(2) F11(1) 0.697 (1)
 e. Perceived efficiency of the department 4 (98.0–98.6)     F17(4) 0.747  
3. Founding elements of a culture
 a. Language practices 4 (98.5–99.3) Ceiling effect (1) (1)   F4(1) F19(3) 0.414 (1)
 b(a). Notions of patient and care 3 (97.7–98.4)   (2)   F4(1) F13(1) F21(1) 0.473 (1)
 b(b). Service practices 3 (98.0–98,6) Ceiling effect (1) (2)   F7(7) F28(1) 0.447 (1)
 c. Symbols and History 3 (97.4–97.7)     F14(3) 0.723  
4. Service Management of the department
 a. Support and drive 2 (97.8–98.0)    1 F1(2) 0.916  
 b. Taking account of the individual in the group 7 (96.9–98.3) Ceiling effect (1) (6)   F1(2) F23(4) 0.633 (3)
 c. Allocation of tasks and goals 4 (97.3–98.4) Ceiling effect (1) (1)   F21(3) 0.630 (1)
 d. Organisational training 2 (97.3–97.9)   (2)   F1(1) 0.350  
 e. Decision making 2 (97.3–97.6)     F8(1) 0.646  
 f. Management of conflicts between professionals 9 (96.7–97.7)   (1)   F27(4) F30(5) 0.807 (1)
 g. Type of behaviour encouraged in the department 5 (96.6–97.9) Ceiling effect (2) (3)   F24(1) F18(4) 0.526 (1)
5. Relation and communication in the department
 a. Relationship between professionals 13 (94.0–97.4)   (4) 1 F4(2) F8(5) F16(3) F20(2) F27(1) 0.834  
 b. Diffusion of information 6 (96.6–97.4)   (1) 1 F15(3) F28(2) 0.696 (1)
6. Relationship and Communication with patients and their families
 a. Relationship 3 (97.3–97.9) Ceiling effect (1) (2)   F13(3) 0.491 (1)
 b. Communication 2 (97.3–97.7)     F13(2) 0.549  
7. Service and the outerworld 3 (96.7–97.7)   (2)   F26(2) 0.470  
8. Support by the service head doctor 13 (94.8–95.1)   (2) 6 F5(9) F25(4) 0.872  
  1. NB:
  2. ▪ Nb of items: Number of items in the sub-dimension before item removal
  3. ▪ Response rates: Range of response rates over the sub-dimension items
  4. ▪ Saturation: Number of items, in parentheses, producing a ceiling effect (more than 30 % of level 5 responses)
  5. ▪ <20 Correlation: Number of items having a lower than 0.20 correlation with at least half of the other items in the sub-dimension
  6. ▪ >60 Correlation: Number of correlations higher than 0.60 between two items
  7. ▪ Overall PCA: List of factors and corresponding number of items in parentheses on which items had some impact, as demonstrated by the PCA analysis and after the oblimin rotation (contribution >0.40); in bold, factors that were maintained in the validated version
  8. Cronbach Alpha values: values indicated per sub-dimension and indication of the number of items necessary to bring the sub-dimension value down