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Table 7 Comparing a pipeline (Fig. 1) and incubator (Fig. 2) approach to generating complex intervention evidence

From: Developing, delivering and evaluating primary mental health care: the co-production of a new complex intervention

  Pipeline model Incubator model
Approach Linear Circular
Research team Uses distinct communities and bridges between them Blurs the boundaries between clinical and academic communities
Outputs Focused on a study end point, described in terms of statistical certainty of impact Continuous/evolving output, described in terms of merit and worth of emerging options
Favoured academic model to support the approach Distinct academic units with methodological expertise Dispersed academic capacity integrated into the applied context