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Table 3 Associations between spatial, staffing, patient, and nursing perception variables and frequency of bedside interprofessional rounds in 18 hospital-based units (total n = 1241)

From: Interprofessional collaborative care characteristics and the occurrence of bedside interprofessional rounds: a cross-sectional analysis

Variable - n (%) Bedside Interprofessional Rounds, ≥80 % (n = 669) Unadjusted OR (95 % CI) Adjusted OR (95 % CI)
Spatial Characteristics
 Unit type:
  General care 172 (25.7) 1 1
  Intermediate care 158 (23.6) 2.83 (1.19-6.73) 2.84 (1.37-5.87)
  Intensive care 339 (50.7) 13.65 (4.30-43.34) 9.63 (5.30-17.42)
 Number of unit beds:
   < 19 285 (42.6) 1  
  19-35 278 (41.6) 1.57 (0.50-4.88)  
   > 35 106 (15.8) 0.30 (0.07-1.19)  
 Square feet per bed:
   < 410 160 (23.9) 1  
  410-600 268 (40.1) 2.54 (0.61-10.57)  
   > 600 241 (36.0) 2.05 (0.53-8.01)  
Staffing/Service
 Nurse-patient ratio:
   > 1:3 228 (34.1) 1 1
   ≤ 1:3 441 (65.9) 4.71 (1.73-12.85) 1.14 (0.64-2.03)
 Number of admitting services in unit/bed:a
   < 0.35 370 (55.3) 1  
   ≥ 0.35 299 (44.7) 0.96 (0.32-2.86)  
 Weekday    
  No 143 (21.4) 1  
  Yes 526 (78.6) 1.19 (0.94-1.51)  
Patient Characteristics
 Hospital length of stay for patients admitted to unit:
   < 5 days 114 (17.0) 1 1
  5-7 days 235 (35.1) 3.75 (1.53-9.21) 1.89 (1.05-3.38)
   > 7 days 320 (47.8) 12.82 (3.25-50.52) 2.27 (1.28-4.02)
 Severity of illness (APR-DRG):
   < 2.4 285 (42.6) 1  
   ≥ 2.4 384 (57.4) 2.27 (0.75-6.82)  
Nursing Perceptions
 Nurse-physician collegial score:b
   < 2.95 302 (46.1) 1  
   ≥ 2.95 353 (53.9) 0.92 (0.29-2.90)  
 Staffing and resource adequacy:b    
   < 2.67 337 (51.5) 1  
   ≥ 2.67 318 (48.6) 1.00 (0.33-3.02)  
 BIR script score:c
   < 4 214 (32.0) 1 1
   ≥ 4 455 (68.0) 3.18 (1.11-9.13) 2.20 (1.15-4.23)
 BIR support score:d
   < 17 182 (27.2) 1 1
   ≥ 17 487 (72.8) 3.24 (1.17-8.97) 3.25 (1.83-5.77)
  1. a Number of different services admitting ≥5 patients to unit in a one-year period/unit beds
  2. b Scores obtained from Collegial Nurse-Physician Relations/Staffing/Resource Adequacy from Practice Environment of the Nursing Work Index (PES-NWI); responses 4 = strongly agree, 3 = agree, 2 = disagree, 1 = strongly disagree
  3. c Reported by units’ nursing leadership on a 1-7 scale (1 = not at all, 7 = a great extent)
  4. d Summation score from 3 domains on a 1-7 scale (1 = not at all, 7 = a great extent), max score 21
  5. e Adjusted for other significant variables in Table 3