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Table 4 Estimated effects of MSS on antenatal care utilization

From: The effect of increasing the supply of skilled health providers on pregnancy and birth outcomes: evidence from the midwives service scheme in Nigeria

  Number β (95 % CI) p-value %D
Antenatal care in study clinic
 Average effect 5295 0.023 (−0.038,0.084) 0.459 0.037
 Year 1 5295 0.073** (0.003,0.142) 0.042 0.117
 Year 2 5295 −0.007 (−0.078, 0.063) 0.838 −0.011
 Year 3 5295 0.003 (−0.076, 0.082) 0.940 0.005
Any antenatal care
 Average effect 5287 0.018 (−0.025, 0.061) 0.416 0.022
 Year 1 5287 0.050* (−0.002,0.102) 0.059 0.060
 Year 2 5287 −0.005 (−0.056, 0.045) 0.835 −0.006
 Year 3 5287 0.009 (−0.047, 0.064) 0.763 0.011
4+ antenatal visits
 Average effect 5295 −0.006 (−0.075, 0.062) 0.857 −0.012
 Year 1 5295 0.028 (−0.047, 0.104) 0.463 0.055
 Year 2 5295 −0.036 (−0.119, 0.048) 0.402 −0.071
 Year 3 5295 −0.011 (−0.101, 0.080) 0.815 −0.022
  1. β denotes the estimated effect of the MSS program, and is obtained using a differences-in-differences specification that includes month of birth and community fixed effects and controls for maternal and child characteristics. %D expresses the estimated program effect as a percentage of the baseline average of the outcome variable. Standard errors in parentheses are clustered at the community level
  2. **p < 0.05, *p < 0.1