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Fig. 1 | BMC Health Services Research

Fig. 1

From: The economic evaluation of human papillomavirus vaccination strategies against cervical cancer in women in Lao PDR: a mathematical modelling approach

Fig. 1

Model structure for the natural history of human papillomavirus infection and cervical cancer. The model structure reflects the natural history of HPV infection towards cervical cancer. Women can be infected by HPV and progress to low-grade CIN or high-grade CIN, or regress with natural immunity. Low-grade CIN progress to high-grade CIN, or regress thanks to the natural immunity. High-grade CIN progress to invasive cervical cancer (local, regional and distant cancer), or regress thanks to the natural immunity. In the male model, there are three compartments considered: susceptibility to infection, infection and recovery with natural immunity. Female can be protected by HPV vaccine

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