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Table 2 Strategies adopted to enhance participants’ self-efficacy and outcome expectation of performing self-management behaviours

From: Study protocol: a randomised controlled trial of a nurse-led community-based self-management programme for improving recovery among community-residing stroke survivors

Sources of information of self-efficacy Strategies adopted Programme components
Mastery experience - Establish a short-term goal and a realistic action plan.
- Assist to break down difficult tasks into simple steps.
- Practice the use of core self-management skills.
- Revise the action plan if necessary.
- Encourage to record the implementation of the action plan.
HV
HV, GS
GS
GS, PF
HV, GS, PF
Vicarious experience - Guide the viewing of videos about experience sharing.
- Facilitate experience sharing among the group.
HV, GS
GS
Verbal persuasion - Acknowledge incremental successes.
- Provide positive reinforcement.
- Reinforce the importance of ‘taking an active role’.
HV, GS, PF
HV, GS, PF
HV, GS, PF
Physiological & emotional arousal - Assist to reinterpret negative physiological and emotional states. HV, GS, PF
Outcome expectation - Assess and reinforce the positive outcomes valued by the participants after performing stroke self-management behaviours. HV, GS, PF
  1. GS Group sessions, HV Home visit, PF Follow-up phone calls