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Table 3 Regression results of β-convergence

From: The convergence of Chinese county government health expenditures: capitation and contribution

Delta GHE (1) (2) (3) (4)
Log GHE −0.0988*** −0.2410*** −0.3550*** −0.5450***
(0.0057) (0.0099) (0.0103) (0.0157)
Log general revenue   0.0324***   0.0789***
  (0.0072)   (0.0131)
Log grants to county government   0.2010***   0.2820***
  (0.0103)   (0.0170)
Log transfer to superior government   −0.0187***   −0.0190***
  (0.0034)   (0.0056)
Population density   0.000002*   0.000005***
  0.0000   0.0000
Sex ratio   −0.0038   0.0065
  (0.0061)   (0.0133)
Ratio of non-agriculture population   −0.0131   −0.1980***
  (0.0075)   (0.0146)
Constant 0.2540*** −0.1210*** 0.9300*** 0.3530***
(0.0088) (0.0235) (0.0151) (0.0405)
N 7764 7764 1941 1941
R-squared 0.0374 0.0868 0.3805 0.5158
  1. Note: Each column represents a regression based on equation (3). Column (1) and (2) test the short-term β-convergence (k = 1), and Column (3) and (4) test the long-term β-convergence (k = 4). *, *** is significant at 5 %, 0.1 %, respectively. Standard errors are in parentheses. Model (1) and (3) are estimated by univariate Ordinary Least Square (OLS) method. Model (2) and (4) are estimated by multivariate General Least Square (GLS) and OLS method, respectively (Stata 11 software). GHE is the abbreviation of government health expenditure