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Table 3 Patient and institutional characteristics associated with individual and total primary care attributes (N = 864)

From: Types of health care facilities and the quality of primary care: a study of characteristics and experiences of Chinese patients in Guangdong Province, China

  First contact-utilization First contact-access Ongoing care Coordination Coordination-information systems
B (SE) B (SE) B (SE) B (SE) B (SE)
CONSTANT 3.64** (0.23) 2.87** (0.25) 2.53** (0.27) 2.72** (0.25) 2.85** (0.24)
SETTING (Ref: CHC)
 Secondary hospital −0.01 (0.05) −0.11* (0.06) −0.21** (0.06) −0.08 (0.06) −0.03 (0.05)
 Tertiary hospital 0001 (0.06) −0.10 (0.07) −0.21** (0.07) −0.11 (0.07) 0.06 (0.07)
Sex (Ref: Female)
 Male −0.14** (0.04) −0.14** (0.05) −0.09 (0.05) −0.03 (0.05) −0.12** (0.05)
Age (Ref: ≥65)
 45 ~ 64 −0.2** (0.07) 0.02 (0.08) −0.05 (0.08) −0.05 (0.08) −0.17* (0.07)
 18 ~ 44 −0.21** (0.08) 0.08 (0.09) −0.14 (0.09) −0.01 (0.09) −0.27** (0.08)
  ≤ 18 −0.12 (0.10) 0.14 (0.11) −0.25* (0.11) −0.05 (0.11) −0.24* (0.10)
Marital status (Ref.: single)
 Married 0.01 (0.06) 0.04 (0.07) −0.14* (0.07) −0.10 (0.07) −0.11 (0.06)
Location (Ref.: Rural)
 Urban 0.11* (0.07) 0.20* (0.08) 0.26** (0.08) 0.14 (0.08) 0.34** (0.08)
Migrant (Ref.: Yes)
 No −0.03 (0.05) −0.05 (0.05) 0.01 (0.05) −0.06 (0.05) −0.08 (0.05)
Education (Ref.: Middle school)
 High school −0.12 (0.06) 0.02 (0.07) −0.07 (0.07) 0.04 (0.06) 0.03 (0.06)
 Technical/college 0.08 (0.06) 0.20** (0.07) 0.10 (0.07) 0.17* (0.07) 0.14* (0.06)
  ≥ Undergraduate 0.05 (0.08) 0.16 (0.09) 0.04 (0.09) 0.04 (0.09) 0004 (0.08)
Occupation (Ref.: Unemployed)
 Farmer 0.05 (0.08) 0.15 (0.08) −0.04 (0.09) 0.10 (0.08) −0.09 (0.08)
 Worker −0.06 (0.06) −0.05 (0.06) −0.11 (0.07) −0.04 (0.06) −0.09 (0.06)
Insurance (Ref.: Uninsured)
 Rural 0.27** (0.07) 0.59** (0.08) 0.32** (0.08) 0.42** (0.08) 0.51** (0.07)
 Urban 0.10 (0.06) 0.12 (0.07) 0.13 (0.07) 0.12 (0.07) 0.15* (0.06)
 Other −0.21** (0.10) 0.14 (0.11) 0.07 (0.12) −0.02 (0.11) 0.06 (0.10)
Income (Ref.: Low)
 Median −0.13* (0.06) −0.13 (0.07) 0.01 (0.07) −0.08 (0.07) 0001 (0.07)
 High −0.30** (0.08) −0.29** (0.09) −0.04 (0.09) −0.21* (0.09) −0.04 (0.08)
Health status (Ref.: Fair/poor)
 G/VG/E 0.02 (0.05) −0.06 (0.05) 0.09 (0.05) 0.13* (0.05) 0.11* (0.05)
Chronic conditions (Ref.: No)
 Yes −0.25** (0.06) −0.19** (0.06) 0.05 (0.06) −0.06 (0.06) −0.03 (0.06)
Adjust R square 0.091 0.120 0.120 0.069 0.122
N 864 864 864 864 864
  Comprehensiveness-services available Comprehensiveness-service used Family-centeredness Community orientation Cultural competence Total PCAT score
B (SE) B (SE) B (SE) B (SE) B (SE) B (SE)
CONSTANT 2.98** (0.21) 3.02** (0.28) 3.27** (0.33) 2.35** (0.29) 2.68 (0.24) 28.92** (1.58)
SETTING (Ref.: CHC)
 Secondary hospital −0.24** (0.05) −0.09 (0.06) −0.04 (0.08) −0.54** (0.07) −0.14 (0.05) −1.50** (0.36)
 Tertiary hospital −0.06 (0.06) −0.08 (0.08) 0.06 (0.09) −0.51** (0.08) 0.004 (0.07) −0.95* (0.44)
Sex (Ref.: Female)
 Male −0.08 (0.04) −0.08 (0.05) −0.12 (0.06) −0.04 (0.05) −0.11 (0.05) −0.94** (0.30)
Age (Ref.: ≥65)
 45 ~ 64 0.02 (0.06) −0.04 (0.09) −0.09 (0.10) −0.06 (0.09) 0.03 (0.07) −0.60 (0.49)
 18 ~ 44 0.02 (0.07) −0.05 (0.10) −0.05 (0.12) −0.01 (0.10) −0.04 (0.08) −0.69 (0.55)
  ≤ 18 0.10 (0.09) −0.15 (0.12) 0.21 (0.14) −0.18 (0.12) −0.06 (0.10) −0.60 (0.67)
Marriage (Ref.: Single)
 Married 0.01 (0.05) −0.05 (0.07) −0.01 (0.09) −0.16* (0.07) 0.10 (0.06) −0.41 (0.41)
Location (Ref.: Rural)
 Urban −0.08* (0.07) 0.02 (0.09) −0.08 (0.11) −0.05 (0.09) −0.10 (0.07) 0.76 (0.50)
Migrant (Ref.: Yes)
 No −0.05* (0.04) −0.07 (0.06) −0.1 (0.07) −0.12* (0.06) 0.08 (0.05) −0.47 (0.31)
Education (Ref.: ≤Middle school)
 High school 0.04 (0.05) 0.01 (0.07) −0.04 (0.09) 0.004 (0.07) −0.01 (0.06) −0.11 (0.41)
 Technical/college 0.10 (0.05) 0.13 (0.07) 0.17 (0.09) 0.20** (0.07) 0.07 (0.06) 1.36** (0.41)
  ≥ Undergraduate 0.07 (0.07) 0.03 (0.10) 0.09 (0.12) −0.02 (0.10) −0.02 (0.08) 0.44 (0.55)
Occupation (Ref.: Unemployed)
 Farmer 0.06 (0.07) 0.15 (0.09) 0.30** (0.11) 0.13 (0.10) −0.15 (0.08) 0.67 (0.53)
 Worker 0.02 (0.05) 0.01 (0.07) 0.09 (0.08) −0.04 (0.07) −0.14 (0.06) −0.40 (0.40)
Insurance (Ref.: Uninsured)
 Rural 0.26 (0.06) 0.32** (0.09) 0.32** (0.1) 0.18* (0.09) −0.01 (0.07) 3.17** (0.49)
 Urban 0.21** (0.06) 0.20** (0.08) 0.22* (0.09) 0.22** (0.08) 0.09 (0.06) 1.56** (0.42)
 Other 0.20** (0.09) 0.06 (0.12) 0.08 (0.14) 0.24* (0.12) −0.11 (0.10) 0.52 (0.68)
Income (Ref.: Low)
 Median −0004 (0.06) −0.04 (0.08) −0.06 (0.09) 0.03 (0.08) 0.16 (0.07) −0.24 (0.44)
 High −0.02 (0.07) −0.17 (0.10) −0.20 (0.12) −0.23* (0.10) 0.19 (0.08) −1.31* (0.55)
Health status (Ref.: Fair/poor)
 G/VG/E 0.06 (0.04) 0.13* (0.06) 0.14* (0.07) 0.23** (0.06) 0.24 (0.05) 1.09** (0.32)
Chronic condition (Ref.: No)
 Yes 0.06 (0.05) −0.11 (0.07) −0.14 (0.08) 0.07 (0.07) 0.11 (0.06) −0.49 (0.38)
Adjust R square 0.061 0.043 0.078 0.153 0.065 0.147
N 864 864 864 864 864 864
  1. *p < .05, **p < .01