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Table 1 Characteristics of GHP patients, by stage at diagnosis, Puerto Rico 2012

From: Factors associated with late stage at diagnosis among Puerto Rico’s government health plan colorectal cancer patients: a cross-sectional study

Variable Early stage N (%) Late stage N (%) Total N (%) χ2 p-value
All 68 (35.79) 122 (64.21) 190 (100.00)  
Median age (years)a 59 59 59 0.7499a
Age group (years)
 50–54 11 (16.18) 27 (22.13) 38 (20.00) 0.475
 55–59 28 (41.18) 41 (33.61 69 (36.32)
 60–64 29 (42.65) 54 (44.26) 83 (43.68)
Sex
 Male 36 (52.94) 69 (56.56) 105 (55.26) 0.631
 Female 32 (47.06) 53 (43.44) 85 (44.74)
Marital status
 Unmarried 29 (42.65) 65 (53.28) 94 (49.47) 0.160
 Married 39 (57.35) 57 (46.72) 96 (50.53)
Charlson comorbidity index
 0 15 (22.06) 35 (28.69) 50 (26.32) 0.092
 1 14 (20.59) 37 (30.33) 51 (26.84)
 ≥2 39 (57.35) 50 (40.98) 89 (46.84)
Primary site
 Colon 43 (63.24) 91 (74.59) 134 (70.53) 0.100
 Rectum 25 (36.76) 31 (25.41) 56 (29.47)
Type of primary center
 Non FQHC 60 (88.24) 109 (89.34) 169 (88.95) 0.815
 FQHC 8 (11.76) 13 (10.66) 21 (11.05)
Delay in diagnosis (days)
 <14 18 (26.47) 33 (27.05) 51 (26.84) 0.091
 14–59 31 (45.59) 38 (31.15) 69 (36.32)
 ≥60 19 (27.94) 51 (41.80) 70 (36.84)
First visit at ER
 No 51 (75.00) 68 (55.74) 119 (62.63) 0.009
 Yes 17 (25.00) 54 (44.26) 71 (37.37)
Region gastroenterologist rate (per 10,000)
 High rate (≥8.00) 12 (17.65) 18 (14.40) 30 (15.54) 0.671
 Medium rate (4.00–7.99) 20 (29.41) 44 (35.20) 64 (33.16)
 Low rate (0–3.99) 36 (52.94) 63 (50.40) 99 (51.30)
  1. aWilcoxon statistics p-value