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Table 2 Informal patient payments and inability to pay for health care services reported by service users (only respondents who have used the specified services during the preceding 12 months)a

From: Overall satisfaction of health care users with the quality of and access to health care services: a cross-sectional study in six Central and Eastern European countries

   Bulgaria Hungary Lithuania Poland Romania Ukrainian Total
Outpatient services Sample size N = 736 N =826 N =739 N =735 N =651 N =572 N =4259
   n % n % n % n % n % n % n %
 Informal payments for outpatient physician services No 645 87.6 645 78.1 584 79.0 676 92.0 426 65.4 358 62.6 3334 78.3
Yes 91 12.4 181 21.9 155 21.0 59 5.9 225 34.6 214 37.4 925 21.7
 Outpatient physician services:
 Was it necessary to take or borrow cash from family, friends?
No 525 94.3 221 94.4 281 98.9 158 86.8 288 77.6 263 81.4 1736 87.5
Yes 32 5.7 13 5.6 35 11.1 24 13.2 83 22.4 60 18.6 247 12.5
Inpatient services Sample size N = 171 N =219 N =165 N =159 N =192 N =184 N =1090
   n % n % n % n % n % n % n %
 Informal payments for inpatient hospital services No 126 73.7 118 53.9 79 47.9 130 81.8 83 43.2 87 47.3 623 57.2
Yes 45 26.3 101 46.1 86 52.1 29 18.2 109 56.8 97 52.7 467 42.8
 Inpatient hospital services:
 Was it necessary to take or borrow cash from family, friends?
No 94 81.0 91 88.3 74 76.3 27 75.0 77 63.1 76 56.7 439 72.2
Yes 22 19.0 12 11.7 23 23.7 9 25.0 45 36.9 58 44.3 169 27.8
  1. aDifferences between N and the sum of n per question are due to missings