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Table 6 Influencing factors of EQ-5D utility scores from Tobit regression model

From: Health-related quality of life and its influencing factors for patients with hypertension: evidence from the urban and rural areas of Shaanxi Province, China

  Urban and Rural (model 1) Urban (model 2) Rural (model 3)
  dy/dx SE dy/dx SE dy/dx SE
Area (Rural)       
 Urban 0.011** 0.006
Lnperexpa 0.007 0.003 0.007 0.006 0.006 0.004
Gender (Male)       
 Female 0.007 0.006 0.014 0.009 0.001 0.008
Age group (15–34)       
 45–54 −0.019 0.012 −0.013 0.020 −0.023 0.015
 55–64 −0.042*** 0.012 −0.037** 0.019 −0.046*** 0.015
  ≥ .0 −0.088*** 0.012 −0.074*** 0.020 −0.099*** 0.016
Ethnic group (Han)       
Others −0.012 0.018 −0.010 0.038 −0.019 0.021
Region (Shannan)       
 Guanzhong 0.003 0.006 0.013 0.009 −0.001 0.007
 Shanbei −0.024*** 0.008 −0.013 0.013 −0.031*** 0.009
Marital status (Married)       
 Single −0.018 0.019 0.011 0.041 −0.028 0.022
 Divorced −0.027*** 0.007 −0.037*** 0.010 −0.019** 0.008
 Widowed −0.090** 0.031 −0.070* 0.036 −0.110** 0.062
Education (Illiterate)       
 Primary school 0.025*** 0.006 0.029** 0.011 0.023*** 0.008
 Junior high school 0.052*** 0.008 0.058*** 0.012 0.048*** 0.010
 Senior high / technical school 0.052*** 0.010 0.061*** 0.014 0.051*** 0.015
 College and above 0.083*** 0.018 0.069*** 0.020 0.234*** 0.078
Employment (Employed)       
 Retired −0.040*** 0.009 −0.057*** 0.011 −0.022 0.019
 Unemployed −0.058*** 0.006 −0.057*** 0.010 −0.060*** 0.007
Insurance (Uninsured)       
 Insured −0.001 0.027 −0.031 0.032 0.066 0.047
Smoking status (Yes)       
 No smoking −0.014 0.009 −0.015 0.011 −0.013 0.009
Drinking status (Yes)       
 No drinking −0.018 0.011 −0.020 0.012 −0.016 0.012
Physical activity (No)       
 Yes 0.033*** 0.006 0.053*** 0.008 0.011 0.008
Health education (No)       
 Yes 0.003 0.006 0.001 0.008 0.009 0.008
Health examination (No)       
 Yes 0.025*** 0.005 0.022*** 0.008 0.026*** 0.007
LR 832.79 358.22 498.94
p <0.001 <0.001 <0.001
N 5,879 2,241 3,629
  1. *P < 0.1, **P < 0.05, ***P < 0.01. N are the number of respondents included in the Logistic regression models
  2. a Natural logarithm of per capita consumption expenditure. Reference variables are in the parentheses