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Table 5 Description of independent variables

From: Health-related quality of life and its influencing factors for patients with hypertension: evidence from the urban and rural areas of Shaanxi Province, China

Variables Urban and rural N (%) Urban group N (%) Rural group N (%)
Area    
 Urban 2,424 (39.5)
 Rurala 3,721 (60.5)
Ln of expenditure (RMB) 8.60 ± 0.79 8.86 ± 0.74 8.44 ± 0.78
Gender    
 Malea 2,629 (42.8) 1,124 (46.4) 1,505 (40.5)
 Female 3,516 (57.2) 1,300 (53.6) 2,216 (59.5)
Age Group(years)    
 15–44a 410 (6.7) 155 (6.4) 255 (6.8)
 45–54 1,218 (19.8) 415 (17.1) 803 (21.6)
 55–64 1,918 (31.2) 694 (28.6) 1,124 (32.9)
  ≥ 65 2,599 (42.3) 1,160 (47.9) 1,439 (38.7)
Ethnic group    
 Hana 6,043 (98.3) 2,403 (99.1) 3,640 (97.8)
 Others 102 (1.7) 21 (0.9) 81 (2.2)
Region    
 Shannana 1,980 (32.2) 601 (24.8) 1379 (37.1)
 Guanzhong 3,328 (54.2) 1535 (63.3) 1793 (48.2)
 Shanbei 837 (13.6) 288 (11.9) 549 (14.7)
Marital status    
 Marrieda 4,946 (80.5) 2,004 (82.7) 2,942 (79.1)
 Single 96 (1.6) 23 (0.9) 73 (1.9)
 Divorced 1,059 (17.2) 372 (15.4) 687 (18.5)
 Widowed 41 (0.7) 24 (1.0) 17 (0.5)
Education level    
 Illiteratea 1,718 (28.0) 420 (17.3) 1,298 (34.9)
 Primary school 1,886 (30.7) 615 (25.4) 1,271 (34.1)
 Junior high school 1,598 (26.0) 705 (29.1) 893 (24.0)
 Senior high / technical school 720 (11.7) 486 (20.0) 234 (6.3)
 College and above 223 (3.6) 198 (8.2) 25 (0.7)
Employment status    
 Employeda 3,522 (57.4) 916 (37.9) 2,606 (70.0)
 Retired 1,000 (16.3) 885 (36.6) 115 (3.1)
 Unemployed 1,618 (26.4) 618 (25.5) 1,000 (26.9)
Insurance coverage    
 Uninsureda 54 (0.9) 43 (1.8) 16 (0.4)
 Insured 6,081 (99.1) 2,381 (98.2) 3,705 (99.6)
Smoking status    
 Yesa 1,432 (23.3) 546 (22.5) 887 (23.8)
 No 4,711 (76.7) 1,878 (77.5) 2,834 (76.2)
Drinking status    
 Yesa 777 (12.8) 398 (16.4) 397 (10.7)
 No 5,309 (87.2) 2,026 (83.6) 3,324 (89.3)
Physical activity    
 Yes 1,828 (29.9) 1,175 (48.5) 668 (18.0)
 Noa 4,288 (70.1) 1,249 (51.5) 3,053 (82.0)
Health education    
 Yes 4,723 (76.9) 1,607 (66.3) 3,119 (83.8)
 Noa 1,418 (23.1) 817 (33.7) 602 (16.2)
Health examination    
 Yes 3,317 (54.1) 1,423 (58.7) 1,898 (51.0)
 Noa 2,819 (45.9) 1,001 (41.3) 1,823 (49.0)
  1. a Reference variables in the Tobit regression model. Ln of expenditure means natural logarithm of per capita consumption expenditure