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Table 2 Characteristics of persons discharged from acute care for hip fracture by high-IPR regions and other regions

From: Post-acute pathways among hip fracture patients: a system-level analysis

   High-IPR Others Ontario SD
Number of patients with hip fracture discharged from acute care   12,470 20,879 33,349 .
Demographic Characteristics
 Mean (±SD) age at index   82.90 ± 7.39 82.47 ± 7.50 82.63 ± 7.46 0.06
 81 years or older at index, n(%N)   8,112 (65.1 %) 13,057 (62.5 %) 21,169 (63.5 %) 0.05
 Female, n(%N)   9,074 (72.8 %) 15,312 (73.3 %) 24,386 (73.1 %) 0.02
 More urban than provincial average n(%N)   12,320 (98.8 %) 18,770 (89.9 %) 31,081 (93.2 %) 0.36
 Income Quintiles, n(%N) 1 (lowest income) 2,016 (16.2 %) 5,132 (24.6 %) 7,148 (21.4 %) 0.26
  2 2,647 (21.2 %) 4,143 (19.8 %) 6,790 (20.4 %)
  3 2,232 (17.9 %) 4,786 (22.9 %) 7,018 (21.0 %)
  4 2,520 (20.2 %) 3,470 (16.6 %) 5,990 (18.0 %)
  5 (highest income) 3,014 (24.2 %) 3,232 (15.5 %) 6,246 (18.7 %)
Clinical Characteristics prior to index
 Previous hip fracture (1991-), n(%N)   808 (6.5 %) 1,377 (6.6 %) 2,185 (6.6 %) 0.01
 Any fragility fracture 1 year prior, n(%N)   457 (3.7 %) 686 (3.3 %) 1,143 (3.4 %) 0.02
 Falls 1 year prior, n(%N)   5,536 (44.4 %) 9,708 (46.5 %) 15,244 (45.7 %) 0.04
 Malignant neoplasm 1 year prior, n(%N)   490 (3.9 %) 873 (4.2 %) 1,363 (4.1 %) 0.08
 Grouped Charlson Score, n(%N) 0 7,583 (65.8 %) 12,581 (68.1 %) 20,164 (67.2 %) 0.03
  1 2,168 (18.8 %) 3,244 (17.6 %) 5,412 (18.0 %)
  2 1,027 (8.9 %) 1,541 (8.3 %) 2,568 (8.6 %)
  3+ 750 (6.5 %) 1,109 (6.0 %) 1,859 (6.2 %)
 Number of ADG groups 1 year prior, n(%N) lower co-morbidity burden 3,738 (30.0 %) 7,064 (33.8 %) 10,802 (32.4 %) 0.11
  median co-morbidity burden 4,987 (40.0 %) 8,374 (40.1 %) 13,361 (40.1 %)
  higher co-morbidity burden 3,745 (30.0 %) 5,441 (26.1 %) 9,186 (27.5 %)
 Had home care 1 year prior, n(%N)   9,801 (78.6 %) 15,844 (79 %) 26,312 (78.9 %) 0.01
Clinical Characteristics at index
 Diagnosis of delirium, n(%N)   851 (7.4 %) 1,075 (5.8 %) 1,926 (6.4 %) 0.11
 Diagnosis of dementia, n(%N)   468 (4.1 %) 759 (4.1 %) 1,227 (4.1 %) 0.04
 Diagnosis of malignant neoplasm, n(%N)   402 (3.2 %) 781 (3.7 %) 1,183 (3.5 %) 0.03
 Frailty risk factors >1, n(%N)   1,105 (9.6 %) 1,690 (9.1 %) 2,795 (9.3 %) 0.01