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Table 1 Characteristics of the sample by sex

From: Predictors of healthy ageing: public health policy targets

  Categories Males Females Description of indexes – no. of points attributed Index
Variables N % N %
Age groups 60–67 1976 38.5 2324 39.3  
68–79 2399 46.7 2546 43.1
> = 80 764 14.9 1039 17.6
Education Elementary 2529 51.2 3782 65.4
Secondary 1535 31.1 1394 24.1
University 876 17.7 609 10.5
Country group Western Europe 1445 28.1 1589 26.9
Southern Europe 2301 44.8 2598 44
Central-Eastern Europe 1393 27.1 1722 29.1
Healthy ageing Worse than good SAH. functional limitations. perception that life has no meaning 2717 52.9 3484 59
At least good SAH. no functional limitations. perception of life meaningfulness 2422 47.1 2425 41
Current job situation Non-working (retired. unemployed. homemaker. permanently sick or disabled. rentier. student. etc.) 4632 91.2 5594 95.7 0 Psychosocial index
Working (employed or self-employed) 449 8.8 253 4.3 1
Activity in last 12 months No activities 1284 25.5 1504 25.9 0
Activities at home (read books. magazines. did word or number games. chess. cards) 1773 35.2 1916 33 1
Activities outside of house (voluntary or charity work. educational course. sport. social club. taking part in religious. community organizations. 1982 39.3 2379 41 2
Network satisfaction (scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means completely dissatisfied and 10 means completely satisfied) 0–5 points 43 0.9 48 0.9 0
6–10 points 4728 99.1 5479 99.1 1
Life satisfaction (scale from 0 to 10 where 0 means completely dissatisfied and 10 means completely satisfied) 0–5 points 778 15.2 1170 19.9 0
6–10 points 4329 84.8 4721 80.1 1
Smoking status Current smoking 922 21.2 589 14.2 0 Life style index
No smoking currently 3428 78.8 3573 85.8 1
Vigorous physical activity Less than once a week 2979 58.5 3956 67.7 0
Once a week 611 12 619 10.6 1
More than once a week sports or activities that are vigorous 1498 29.4 1271 21.7 2
Moderate physical activity Once a week or less 1836 36.1 2544 43.5 0
More than once a week activities requiring a moderate level of energy 3252 63.9 3302 56.5 1
Vegetables consumption Less than 3–6 times a week 411 8 355 6.1 0
3–6 times a week 903 17.6 888 15.2 1
Every day serving of fruits or vegetables 3776 73.5 4604 78.7 2
Drinks consumption 6 cups of more a day drinks of tea. coffee. water. milk. fruit. soft drinks 374 7.3 439 7.5 0
3–5 cups 1534 30.1 1989 34 1
1–2 cups 3183 62.5 3418 58.5 2
Regular meals Meals not regular 569 11.1 595 10.1 0
Regular meals 4570 88.9 5314 89.9 1
   N mean (SD) N mean (SD)  
Lifestyle index   4717 6.26 (1.70) 5475 6.20 (1.65)
Psychosocial index   4347 3.12 (0.98) 4156 3.03 (0.99)
  1. Source: own calculations