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Table 4 Summary statistics of the base case analyses and sensitivity analyses from three perspectives

From: Cost-effectiveness of preventive case management for parents with a mental illness: a randomized controlled trial from three economic perspectives

Perspectivea Condition Costs, €b Effectc ICERd Northeast Northwest (inferior) Southwest Southeast (dominant)
Base case scenario
(imputed data, including cost outliers e )
Healthcare Control (n = 50) 11,219 -1.89      
  PBCM (n = 49) 13,012 1.93 461 78 % 2 % 1 % 20 %
Social care Control (n = 50) 16,979 -1.89      
  PBCM (n = 49) 17,717 1.93 215 60 % 1 % 1 % 37 %
Societal Control (n = 50) 19,209 -1.89      
  PBCM (n = 49) 19,805 1.93 175 59 % 1 % 1 % 39 %
Alternative scenario A
(imputed data, excluding cost outliers)
Healthcare Control (n = 47) 8,969 -1.28      
  PBCM (n = 47) 11,564 1.70 776 90 % 6 % 0 % 4 %
Social care Control (n = 47) 14,422 -1.40      
  PBCM (n = 47) 16,138 1.70 517 81 % 4 % 1 % 15 %
Societal Control (n = 47) 16,634 -1.82      
  PBCM (n = 47) 18,194 1.70 410 76 % 3 % 1 % 21 %
Alternative scenario B
(complete cases, including cost outliers)
Healthcare Control (n = 41) 11,475 -2.06      
  PBCM (n = 41) 13,480 2.34 446 79 % 1 % 0 % 20 %
Social care Control (n = 41) 17,765 -2.06      
  PBCM (n = 41) 18,375 2.34 133 58 % 1 % 1 % 40 %
Societal Control (n = 41) 20,242 -2.06      
  PBCM (n = 41) 19,621 2.34 dominantf 41 % 0 % 1 % 58 %
Alternative scenario C
(imputed data, including cost outliers, PBCM-families who received the intervention)
Healthcare Control (n = 48) 10,933 -1.65      
  PBCM (n = 38) 14,579 2.24 897 93 % 2 % 0 % 5 %
Social care Control (n = 48) 16,140 -1.65      
  PBCM (n = 38) 19,522 2.24 843 90 % 2 % 0 % 8 %
Societal Control (n = 48) 18,458 -1.65      
  PBCM (n = 38) 20,736 2.24 558 79 % 2 % 0 % 20 %
Alternative scenario D
(imputed data, including cost outliers, mean difference adjustment)
Healthcare Control (n = 50) 8,981 -1.89      
  PBCM (n = 49) 13,012 1.93 1,031 95 % 2 % 0 % 3 %
Social care Control (n = 50) 12,613 -1.89      
  PBCM (n = 49) 17,717 1.93 1,313 96 % 2 % 0 % 2 %
Societal Control (n = 50) 15,647 -1.89      
  PBCM (n = 49) 19,804 1.93 1,059 92 % 2 % 0 % 6 %
  1. aIn the analyses either 1) intervention and healthcare costs (healthcare perspective), 2) intervention, healthcare and child care costs (social care perspective) or 3) all measured costs (societal perspective) were included
  2. bCosts per family at 2012 prices
  3. cAverage effectiveness (T-score) compared with the baseline assessment
  4. dThe presented median ICER is the 50th percentile of 5000 bootstrap replications of the ICER
  5. eDifferences in effects between the three perspectives are caused by the exclusion of cost outliers, which differed among the three perspectives
  6. f Lower incremental costs and a positive incremental effect of PBCM in comparison with the control condition leads to a negative ICER, which means that PBCM is superior to the control condition on cost-effectiveness