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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of participants by study groups

From: Management of hypertension and multiple risk factors to enhance cardiovascular health - a feasibility study in Singapore polyclinics

Characteristic Intervention No Intervention p-valuea
Total (n = 100) (n = 50) (n = 50)  
Mean age, y (SD) 66 (10.3) 58.48 (8.3) <0.001*
Median age, y (IQR) 68 (60.3, 72.0) 59 (52.3, 64.0) <0.001*
Age (y), n (%)    <0.01*
 40-59 12 (24.0) 26 (52.0)  
 60-74 28 (56.0) 22 (44.0)  
  ≥ 75 10 (20.0) 2 (4.0)  
Men, n (%) 22 (44.0) 25 (50.0) 0.69
Ethnicity, n (%)    <0.001*
 Chinese 47 (94.0) 23 (46.0)  
 Malay 2 (4.0) 16 (32.0)
 Indian 1 (2.0) 10 (20.0)
 Mixed ethnicity 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
 Other 0 (0.0) 1 (2.0)
Religion, n (%)    <0.001*
 No religion 6 (12.0) 0 (0.0)  
 Buddhism 31 (62.0) 6 (12.0)
 Taoism 5 (10.0) 2 (4.0)
 Christian 4 (8.0) 12 (24.0)
 Muslim 3 (6.0) 20 (40.0)
 Hindu 0 (0.0) 4 (8.0)
 Other 1 (2.0) 6 (12.0)
Education level, n (%)    <0.001*
 Less than Primary 31 (62.0) 6 (12.0)  
 Greater than Primary and less than Secondary 3 (6.0) 0 (0.0)
 Secondary 11 (22.0) 29 (58.0)
 More than Secondary 5 (10.0) 15 (30.0)
House, n (%)    0.04*
 Owner 39 (78.0) 47 (94.0)  
 Live on rent/Other 11 (10.0) 3 (2.0)
Heart Disease, n (%) 2 (4.0) 2 (4.0) 1.00
Diabetes, n (%) 6 (12.0) 12 (24.0) 0.19
Stroke, n (%) 3 (6.0) 1 (2.0) 0.62
  1. *Statistically significant
  2. aGroup difference at baseline using t-test for independent groups for continuous variables and Fisher’s exact test for categorical variables (e.g., ethnicity, religion, etc.)