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Table 1 Demographic and Clinical Characteristics of HIV-Infected Patients Receiving Care at Five Care and Treatment Centers in Kilimanjaro Region, Moshi, Tanzania 2004–2015

From: Association of knowledge on ART line of treatment, scarcity of treatment options and adherence

Characteristics All Patients n = 402 Optimal Adherence n = 223 Sub-optimal Adherence n = 179
Age
  < 30 19 (4.7) 14 (6.3) 5 (2.8)
 30–55 301 (74.9) 169 (75.8) 132 (73.7)
  > 55 82 (20.4) 40 (17.9) 42 (23.5)
Gender
 Male 131 (32.9) 87 (39.0) 44 (24.6)
 Female 271 (67.1) 136 (61.0) 134 (75.4)
Education
  ≤ primary school education 332 (82.6) 188 (84.3) 144 (80.4)
  > primary school education 70 (17.4) 35 (15.7) 35 (19.6)
Marital status
 Not married 57 (14.1) 33 (14.8) 24 (13.4)
 Married 162 (40.3) 92 (41.3) 80 (39.1)
 Divorced/Separated/Widowed 183 (45.5) 98 (43.9) 75 (47.5)
CD4 at the time of interview
  < 350 cells/mm3 224 (55.7) 129 (57.9) 95 (53.1)
  ≥ 350 cells/mm3 178 (44.3) 94 (42.1) 84 (46.9)
Duration on treatment
  < 36 months 130 (32.3) 67 (30.0) 63 (35.2)
 36–60 months 73 (18.2) 49 (22.0) 24 (14.4)
  > 60 months 199 (49.5) 107 (48.0) 92 (51.4)
Knowledge of ART
 No 301 (74.9) 158 (70.8) 143 (79.9)
 Yes 101 (25.1) 65 (29.2) 36 (20.1)
Knows is on first-line ART
 No 321 (79.9) 173 (77.6) 148 (82.7)
 Yes 81 (20.1) 50 (22.4) 31 (17.3)
Knows other options are limited
 No 317 (78.9) 168 (75.3) 149 (83.2)
 Yes 85 (21.1) 55 (24.7) 30 (16.8)
Plasma HIV RNA level
  < 1000 c/ml 252 (56.0) 88 (44.7) 164 (64.8)
  ≥ 1000 c/ml 198 (44.0) 109 (55.3) 89 (35.2)
Sites
 KCMC 75 (16.7) 52 (26.4) 23 (9.1)
 Mawenzi 223 (49.5) 69 (35.0) 154 (60.9)
 Others 152 (33.8) 76 (38.6) 76 (30.0)
  1. Abbreviations: KCMC Kilimanjaro Christian Medical Center, N/A Not applicable, HIV RNA Human Immunodeficiency Virus Ribonucleic Acid