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Table 1 Profile of the included studies

From: The swine flu vaccine, public attitudes, and researcher interpretations: a systematic review of qualitative research

First author, year Where Who Data source When Authors’ aim
Björkman, 2013 [47] Sweden General public Not vaccinated Individual interviews
28 participants
To explore motives, beliefs and reactions of individuals with varying backgrounds who did not get vaccinated.
Boerner, 2013 [53] Canada General public. Focus groups and key informant interviews
130 participants
November-February 2010-11 To identify and analyse the factors related to vaccine uptake and refusal
Boyd, 2013 [43] USA (Georgia) Priority group
(Low income women)
Health care providers
6 focus groups and 10 key informant interviews
66 participants
June–August 2010 To explore knowledge, attitudes and behaviours of low-income women; improve communication in emergency response. To identify factors that affect this high priority group’s ability to successfully comply with vaccination recommendations.
Caress, 2010 [50] UK Priority group (Respiratory conditions) 3 focus groups and 13 individual interviews
43 participants
November 2009–January 2010 To explore and compare info needs, worries and concerns, and health-related behaviours regarding H1N1 in people with respiratory conditions and their family members
Cassady, 2012 [46] USA (California) Priority group (Latino hard-to-reach populations) 10 focus groups
90 participants
Summer 2010 To gather a better understanding of the dynamics that limit flu and H1N1 vaccination among hard-to-reach Latinos in California.
d’Alessandro, 2012 [45] France Priority group (Cyctic fibrosis patients) Individual interviews
42 participants
June 2010 To analyse the reasons for refusal of H1N1 vaccination. Perceptions of vaccine, disease, related risks in patients that declined and accepted the vaccination
Driedger, 2013 [58] Canada Priority group (Aboriginal peoples) 23 focus groups and 20 individual interviews
213 participants
August 2009–June 2012 Focus on how First Nations and Metis people in Manitoba, Canada, responded to the public health management of pandemic H1N1
Henrich, 2012 [52] Canada General public Online comments to news articles
1,796 commentators
March 2009–May 2010 Despite efforts to promote vaccination, the public’s intent to vaccinate remained low. In order to better understand the public’s resistance to getting vaccinated this study addressed factors influencing the public’s decisions
Hidiroglu, 2010 [49] Turkey Priority group (Health care providers) Focus groups
33 participants
November 2009 To explore the factors that lead to resistance to vaccination among a group of primary healthcare workers in a district in Istanbul.
Hilton, 2010 [54] UK General public
Priority groups (Pregnant women)
14 focus groups
73 participants
October 2009–January 2010 To gain new insights into public understandings of the role of key players in the pandemic and to explore how people deciphered the threat and perceived whether they could control the risks.
Lynch, 2012 [51] USA Priority group (Pregnant women) 18 focus groups
144 participants
September 2009 Presents findings from pregnant and recently pregnant women regarding their perceptions about the 2009 H1N1 and seasonal flu vaccines. The paper further identifies needed info to improve communication strategies to encourage the H1N1 and seasonal flu vaccine and potentially future pandemic vaccines.
Oria, 2011 [55] Kenya Priority group (Health care providers) 16 focus groups
113 participants
January 2010 To characterize health care providers HCWs’ knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding pH1N1 vaccination,
Prieto Rodríguez, 2009 [57] Spain General public Priority groups Health care providers 10 focus groups
51 participants
January–February 2010 To identify opinions of the general population, risk groups and health care providers of the 2009-repercussions.
Sim, 2011 [44] UK Priority group (Pregnant women) Individual interviews
10 participants
November 2009 To assess how pregnant Polish migrants to Scotland weighed up the risks and benefits of the V for pandemic H1N1 flu in comparison with their Scottish counterparts.
Siu, 2012 [56] China
(Hong Kong)
Priority group (Chronic renal disease patients) Not vaccinated Individual interviews
40 participants
December 2009–March 2010 To demonstrate the perceptions of patients with chronic renal disease in Hong Kong towards the new vaccine for H1N1, as well as the main disincentives.
Teasdale, 2011 [48] UK General public 11 focus groups
48 participants
September–November 2009 To explore people’s beliefs, perceptions, reasoning, and emotional and contextual factors that may influence responses to government advice for managing flu pandemics