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Table 3 Progress on the health-related MDGs in the African Region

From: Space and place for WHO health development dialogues in the African Region

Health-related MDG MDG target Countries’ progress
Goal 4: Reduce child mortality Target 4A: Reduce by two thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate Achieved (n = 12): Eritrea, Ethiopia, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Niger, Rwanda, Senegal, United Republic of Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia.
Goal 5: Improve maternal health Target 5A: Reduce by three quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality Ratio Achieved (n = 2): Cabo Verde and Rwanda.
NB: 12 countries were able to reduce their maternal mortality ratio by 50 % between 1990 and 2015.
Target 5B: Achieve, by 2015, universal access to reproductive health Achieved (n = 0) — Antenatal care coverage (%) of at least one visit, 2001- 2014
NB: 15 countries were able to achieve ≤ 95 %.
Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, TB, malaria and other diseases Target 6.A: Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS Achieved (n = 37) — Percentage reduction in HIV incidence, 2001–2013: Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Democratic Republic of Congo, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Swaziland, United Republic of Tanzania, Togo, Zambia and Zimbabwe
Target 6B: Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it Achieved (n = 0)
NB: Many countries have made substantial progress; however, there is no cut-off value that defines the level of attainment for progress in this target.
Target 6.C: Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases Achieved (n = 9) — Decrease incidence of malaria: Algeria, Botswana, Cabo Verde, Eritrea, Namibia, Rwanda, Sao Tome and Principe, South Africa and Swaziland.
Achieved (n = 19) — Percentage reduction in mortality rate of tuberculosis >50 %: Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Central African Republic, Côte d’Ivoire, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritania, Mauritius, Namibia, Niger, Sao Tome and Principe, Sierra Leone, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania and Zambia
Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger Target 1C: Halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger Achieved (n = 6) — Children aged <5 years who are underweight (%): Algeria, Angola, Equatorial Guinea, Mali, Mauritania and Rwanda
Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability Target 7.C: Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation Achieved (n = 14) — Percentage of the population without access to improved drinking- water source: Botswana, Burkina Faso, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Namibia, Sao Tome and Principe, South Africa, Swaziland and Uganda.
Achieved (n = 1) — Percentage of the population without access to improved sanitation: Algeria
  1. Source: WHO [4]