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Table 5 Impact of MODs on healthcare utilisation

From: Systematic review of the health and societal effects of medication organisation devices

Study Design n MOD n Control Healthcare Utilisation Measure Healthcare Utilisation MOD Healthcare Utilisation Control p-value
Roberts 2004 [18] Cross-section 209 144 Mean no. consultations with a different prescriber 2.02 (pharmacist supplied) 2.41 0.012*
2.91 (non-pharmacist supplied)
Mean no. prescriber consultations in previous two months 2.54 (pharmacist supplied) 3.05 0.03*
2.05 (non-pharmacist supplied)
Mean no. hospital admissions in previous 12 months 1.36 (pharmacist supplied) 0.78 0.001*
0.56 (non-pharmacist supplied)
% patients hospitalised in previous three months 59.54 % (pharmacist supplied) 35.14 %  
35.14 % non-pharmacist supplied)
Ryan-Woolley 2005 [29] RCT 31 31 Mean no. prescriber consultations 1.5 1.3 0.07
Mean no. prescribed medicines 4.2 4.8 0 .024*
Skaer 1993 [31] RCT 85 78 Mean healthcare spending (Medicaid archive data) $13.66 per patient increase compared to control group   > 0.05
Skaer 1993 [30] RCT 53 78 Mean healthcare spending (Medicaid archive data) $22.94 per patient increase compared to control group   > 0.05
  1. *indicates a significance level of p < 0.05
  2. n Mod indicates the number of participants in the group utilizing a MOD
  3. n control indicates the number of participants in the group not utilizing a MOD