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Table 4 Effect of MODs on medication adherence

From: Systematic review of the health and societal effects of medication organisation devices

Study Design Adherence measure n MOD n Control Adherence MOD Adherence control p-value
Becker 1986 [20] RCT % participants taking > 80 % of doses 86 85 84 75.3 > 0.05
Crome 1982 [27] RCT % doses missed 40 38 26.1 26.2 > 0.05
Huang 2000a [23] RCT % participants > 90 % of doses 90 94 91 94 Not stated
Median % of doses taken   94 100 99 0.63
Huang 2000b [23] RCT % participants taking > 90 % of doses 148 149 87 93 0.005*
Median % of doses taken    99 99 > 0.05
MacIntosh 2007 [28] RCT % participants taking 100 % of doses 21 21 81 86 Not stated
Petersen 2007 [24] Prospective Increase in % doses taken    4.1 % - < 0.05*
Rehder 1980 [25] RCT % participants taking > 95 % of doses 25 25 89 47 < 0.01*
Wong 1987 [22] RCT % doses missed 17 17 2.04 9.17 < 0.01*
  1. *indicates a significance level of p < 0.05
  2. n Mod indicates the number of participants in the group utilizing a MOD
  3. n control indicates the number of participants in the group not utilizing a MOD