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Table 1 Socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of patients by priority status for care within the network, Belgium, Mental Health Network reform 2013, (n = 2490)

From: Assessment of the priority target group of mental health service networks within a nation-wide reform of adult psychiatry in Belgium

Covariate % N Priority status for care within the network (%) Chi-square
Sex     49.8**
 Female 51.7 1288 56.2  
 Male 48.3 1202 69.9  
Nationality     9.9*
 Foreign 8.8 219 72.6  
 Belgian 91.2 2271 61.9  
Education     1.1
 Low (= < lower secondary school) 48.6 1210 70.0  
 High (> = Upper secondary school) 39.4 980 68.0  
Social integration Score (SIX) (/6)     141.9**
  = <1 39.1 973 48.6  
 2–3 39.9 994 73.7  
  > =4 21.0 523 68.5  
Diagnosis     41.5**
 Mental disability 2.6 65 53.8  
 Schizophrenia and psychotic disorders 30.3 755 74.8  
 Anxiety disorders 3.1 76 53.9  
 Mood disorders 15.5 385 64.4  
 Personality disorders 9.8 245 74.7  
 Drug-related disorders 12.5 312 63.1  
 Other 9.1 227 73.1  
HoNOS score (/48)     115.7**
  = <4 39.7 989 50.7  
 5–11 21.6 539 66.0  
 12–17 18.6 462 70.3  
  > 17 20.1 500 76.4  
Type of service     252.1**
 Psychiatric wards and hospitals 37.5 933 67.7  
 Sheltered accommodation services 8.2 204 71.1  
 Primary care and community mental health services 18.6 462 62.3  
 Rehabilitation and social care services 18.5 461 34.5  
 Crisis resolution and assertive outreach teams 11.8 293 87.7  
Network orientation     16.3**
 Hospital-centred 22.6 563 67.3  
 Primary care-centred 12.1 301 61.8  
 Social care-centred 61.9 1542 62.3  
Number of services in the network     27.5**
 Small 28.6 713 62.6  
 Medium 42.0 1046 60.1  
 Large 26.0 647 69.7  
Priority status for care within the network     
 No priority 37.2 926   
 Priority 62.8 1564   
  1. *p < 0.01
  2. **p <0.001