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Table 5 Characteristics of patient groups

From: Impact of a well-developed primary care system on the length of stay in emergency departments in the Netherlands: a multicenter study

  Self-referrals (N = 1877) Referrals
Medical professionals (N = 4138) Radiology department (N = 230)
Total (%) 21.2 59.9 3.3
Male (%) 57.5 49.6 50.0
Age (%) 0–5 years 6.2 8.0 2.2
6–15 8.6 4.6 18.3
16–30 29.6 13.2 16.1
31–50 26.5 18.5 19.6
51–65 16.6 20.5 23.5
66–85 10.8 28.4 15.2
>85 1.7 6.8 5.2
Presentation (%) Weekdayb 38.0 40.9 92.6
Eveningc 31.5 30.9 4.8
Night d 14.2 14.1 1.3
Weekend dayb 16.2 14.1 1.3
Follow-up (%)a Hospital Admission 11.4 48.9 3.5
Out patient Clinic 29.4 24.4 75.6
PCP Follow-up 18.6 6.2 3.0
No Follow-up 31.6 17.5 12.2
Trauma (%) 51.6 23.4 89.6
Median LOS (minutes) 99.0 148.0 71.5
N = 4070f ECAP (N = 1785) Non-ECAP (N = 2285)
Male (%) 51.9 53.1
Age (%) 0–5 years 6.8 8.9
6–15 years 4.4 7.6
16–30 years 19.4 22.3
31–50 years 21.2 21.8
51–65 years 19.3 17.5
66–85 years 23.7 17.9
>85 years 5.3 4.0
Time of presentation Eveningsc 49.9 53.0
Nightsd 23.1 22.1
Weekend daysb 27.0 24.9
Origin (%)a Self-referred patients 15.6 38.7
Referred by medical professionalse 74.1 49.1
Referred by the radiology department 0.5 0.4
Follow-up (%)a Hospital Admission 42.7 31.7
Out patient Clinic 27.7 26.7
Primary Care Physician 5.0 13.3
None 21.0 23.2
Median LOS (minutes) 129.0 118.0
Trauma (%) 28.8 35.8
  1. aDoes not add up to 100 % due to other options not shown in the table b8 am-5 pm, c5 pm-12 am, d12 am-8 am, eIncludes ambulance and PCP referred patients f N during opening hours ECAP