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Table 4 Factors associated with LOSa

From: Impact of a well-developed primary care system on the length of stay in emergency departments in the Netherlands: a multicenter study

  Before including fixed effectsb After including fixed effectsb
  Difference in LOSc 95 % Confidence Interval P value Difference in LOSc 95 % Confidence interval P value
Lower bound Upper bound Lowerbound Upper bound
Time of presentation Weekdayc Reference     Reference    
Evening −21.1 −26.4 −15.8 0.000 −13.1 18.1 −8.2 0.000
Night −25.2 −32.2 −18.1 0.000 −20.4 −27.0 −13.9 0.000
Weekend day −15.8 −22.5 −9.1 0.000 −11.0 −17.2 −4.7 0.001
Origin Self referredc Reference     Reference    
Referred by medical professionals 57.3 52.0 62.5 0.000 32.9 27.7 38.2 0.000
Referred via radiology −14.9 −27.6 −2.2 0.022 −6.5 −18.7 5.6 0.293
Follow up Hospital Admissionc Reference     Reference    
Out patient Clinic −63.8 −69.1 −58.6 0.000 −41.2 −46.6 −35.8 0.000
PCP Follow-up −72.2 −80.7 −63.7 0.000 −49.9 −58.3 −41.5 0.000
No Follow-up −71.3 −77.7 −65.2 0.000 −44.6 −51.0 −38.3 0.000
  1. Legend. aResults from random coefficient regression modeling, all analysis included hospitals as random effect, bfixed effects are age, sex and trauma, cdifference in LOS compared to the reference category