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Table 2 Distribution of study participants who had utilized oral health care services before referral by socio-economic status, family structure and distance (N = 1406)

From: Barriers and facilitators of dental service utilization by children aged 8 to 11 years in Enugu State, Nigeria

Variables Oral health care service utilization
  N = 132 N = 1,274   
  Yes (n %) No (n %) Total (n %) P value
Socio-economic status     <0.001
 High 85(64.4) 436(34.2) 521(37.1)  
 Middle 31(23.5) 408(32.0) 439(31.2)  
 Low 16(12.1) 430(33.8) 446(31.7)  
Type of family     0.41
 Monogamy 124(93.9) 1217(95.5) 1361(93.2)  
 Polygamy 8(6.1) 57(4.5) 65(6.8)  
Form of parenthood     0.003
 Both parents 125(94.7) 1061(83.3) 1186(84.4)  
 One parent 1(0.8) 46(3.5) 46(3.3)  
 Guardian 6(4.5) 174(13.2) 174(12.3)  
Birth rank     0.53
 Only child 5(3.8) 33(2.6) 38(2.3)  
 First child 26(19.7) 307(24.1) 333(23.7)  
 Last child 33(25.0) 277(21.7) 310(22.0)  
 Others 68(51.5) 657(51.6) 725(51.6)  
Number of siblings     0.10
 0 5(3.8) 33(2.6) 38(2.7)  
 1–2 28(21.2) 217(17.0) 245(17.5)  
 3–4 60(45.5) 510(40.1) 570(40.5)  
 >4 39(29.5) 514(40.3) 553(39.3)