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Table 2 MUPS and HCU over time: GEE standard analyses

From: The association between medically unexplained physical symptoms and health care use over two years and the influence of depressive and anxiety disorders and personality traits: a longitudinal study

  Crude RR (95 % CI) Adjusted RR (95 % CI)
MUPS and total number of medical services 1.022 (1.020–1.024) * 1.020 (1.017–1.022) *
 Somatic services 1.013 (1.011–1.015) * 1.009 (1.006–1.011) *
 Mental health care services 1.035 (1.030–1.039) * 1.035 (1.030–1.040) *
 Miscellaneous health care services 1.027 (1.023–1.031) * 1.026 (1.021–1.030) *
MUPS and total number of contacts 1.045 (1.040–1.052) * 1.037 (1.030–1.044) *
 Somatic contacts 1.044 (1.040–1.048) * 1.031 (1.027–1.035) *
 Mental health care contacts 1.046 (1.035–1.058) * 1.044 (1.031–1.057) *
 Miscellaneous health care contacts 1.042 (1.034–1.050) * 1.029 (1.020–1.038) *
  1. * All RRs including 95 % CIs were significant with p-values below 0.001. The adjusted RRs were adjusted for the sociodemographic variables and chronic diseases. All measurements include T0, T1 and T2. Mental health care services: primary care psychologists, social workers/social psychiatric nurses, secondary mental health care institutions, centers for drugs or alcohol, self-help groups and private psychiatrists/psychotherapists. Somatic health care services: family physicians, medical specialists and hospital admissions. Miscellaneous health care services: home care, complementary professionals, occupational health physicians and physiotherapists