Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 GEE regression analysis to estimate the effects of specific mental disorders on hospitalizations for ‘At Home’ participants during a 10-year pre-recruitment period (n = 433)

From: A 10-year retrospective analysis of hospital admissions and length of stay among a cohort of homeless adults in Vancouver, Canada

Independent variables Unadjusted Rate Ratio (95 % CI)a P value Adjusted Rate Ratio (95 % CI)b P value
Age at each pre-recruitment year (per year) 1.0 (1.0. 1.0) 0.048 1.0 (1.0, 1.0) 0.012
Time (per year) 1.2 (1.1. 1.2) <0.001 1.1 (1.0, 1.1) <0.001
Female gender 1.1 (0.9, 1.5) 0.349 1.0 (0.8, 1.2) 0.813
Aboriginals (yes vs. no) 0.9 (0.7, 1.3) 0.635 1.1 (0.8, 1.4) 0.617
White (yes vs. no) 1.1 (0.8, 1.4) 0.594 0.9 (0.7, 1.1) 0.217
Schizophrenia (yes vs. no) 7.7 (6.4, 9.3) <0.001 4.7 (3.9, 5.6) <0.001
Bipolar disorder (yes vs. no) 5.7 (4.6, 7.0) <0.001 2.2 (1.8, 2.6) <0.001
Personality disorder (yes vs. no) 3.0 (2.3, 3.9) <0.001 1.6 (1.8, 2.6) <0.001
Depressive disorder (yes vs. no) 3.2 (2.7, 3.8) <0.001 1.6 (1.3, 1.9) <0.001
Anxiety-neurotic disorder (yes vs. no) 2.8 (2.3, 3.5) <0.001 1.5 (1.2, 1.8) <0.001
Alcohol dependence (yes vs. no) 2.5 (1.9, 3.2) <0.001 1.5 (1.2, 2.0) 0.001
Drug dependence (yes vs. no) 2.4 (2.0, 2.9) <0.001 1.5 (1.2, 1.7) <0.001
Non-psychiatric service utilizationc     
 High (≥32) 3.4 (2.7, 4.3) <0.001 2.3 (1.9, 2.8) <0.001
 Medium (16 to 31) 2.1 (1.7, 2.7) <0.001 1.5 (1.2, 1.8) <0.001
 Low (≤15) Reference - Reference -
  1. a-The Confidence Intervals were estimated using Robust Standard errors
  2. b- The Confidence Intervals were estimated using Robust Standard errors
  3. c-50th and 75th percentile were used as a cutoff value for medium and high groups respectively