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Table 1 Characteristics of the survey population and healthcare service users for each year

From: The association between self-perceived health status and satisfaction with healthcare services: Evidence from Armenia

  2012 2011 2010
Respondents Survey population Healthcare Service user Survey population Healthcare Service user Survey population Healthcare Service user
Number of households 5,184 976 7,872 1,567 7,872 1,849
Number of individuals 20,134 1,185 (5.89 %) 31,024 1,949 (6.28 %) 32,353 2,293 (7.09 %)
Gender distribution (%) Male: 48.19 Male:35.11 Male: 48.75 Male:39.35 Male: 48.69 Male: 37.85
Female: 51.81 Female: 64.89 Female: 51.25 Female: 60.65 Female: 51.31 Female: 62.15
Age group (years) (%) (%) (%) (%) (%) (%)
 15–30 44.03 27.34 44.66 28.37 47.14 29.26
 31–44 17.14 8.61 16.43 10.93 16.26 12.25
 45–60 22.4 27.93 22.98 26.53 22.16 30.0
 ≥61 16.42 36.12 15.94 34.17 14.45 28.48
Education (%) (%) (%) (%) (%) (%)
 Below secondary school 20.8 19.01 22.57 22.12 23.66 20.8
 Secondary school (incl. vocational) 39.11 38.02 40.82 38.74 40.88 38.66
 College and above 40.09 42.97 36.61 39.14 35.46 40.54
Settlement of residence (%) (%) (%) (%) (%) (%)
 Urban 64.33 69.45 53.59 56.03 53.29 56.57
 Rural 35.67 30.55 46.41 43.97 46.71 43.44
Distribution by region (%) (n = 20,134) (n = 1,185) (n = 31,024) (n = 1,949) (n = 32,353) (n = 2,293)
 Yerevan 26.31 35.19 16.48 22.83 16.85 20.98
 Aragatsotn 5.64 12.24 6.83 15.6 7.05 13.13
 Ararat 8.47 6.75 9.73 5.54 9.82 7.68
 Armavir 9.17 4.47 10.31 4.36 10.01 7.28
 Gegharkunik 6.88 2.03 7.97 1.8 8.45 1.79
 Kotayk 7.02 5.15 11.46 11.85 10.86 9.68
 Lori 10.04 13.0 8.96 8.77 8.86 10.29
 Shirak 8.16 3.54 10.15 4.67 10.16 5.32
 Sjunik 5.57 7.0 5.64 11.75 5.56 11.6
 Tavush 6.0 5.91 7.29 8.11 7.26 6.93
 Vayots Dzor 6.72 4.73 5.17 4.72 5.12 5.32
Distribution by SESa (%)
 Poorest 20.02 19.07 20.18 18.93 20.0 18.27
 Poor 20 26.24 19.83 23.7 20.0 25.03
 Middle 19.99 18.57 20.03 20.73 20.17 21.72
 Affluent 20.05 18.31 20.1 18.37 20.37 15.39
 Richest 19.95 17.81 19.87 18.27 19.46 19.58
Self-perceived health statusb (%)
 Excellent 6.86 2.03 6.67 1.33 7.43 1.79
 Good 40.83 12.66 39.91 13.03 38.62 13.08
 Average 41.16 32.24 42.98 37.92 42.87 38.99
 Poor 10.43 48.61 9.81 44.54 10.22 41.91
 Worst 0.73 4.47 0.63 3.18 0.86 4.23
Diagnosed with high blood pressure (%) 38.99 38.99 40.23 40.23 30.79 30.79
Use of healthcare services c (%) 6.39 - 6.79 - 7.65 -
BBP coveraged (%) 6.11 18.48 6.62 19.19 5.95 20.15
Poverty alleviation coverage e 13.42 13.92 10.64 11.9 13.77 14.3
Perceived economic strata f (%)
 Well-off 3.91 2.69 2.92 2.03 4.0 3.34
 Middle 79.74 79.33 81.19 81.31 80.3 82.56
 Poor 16.35 17.98 15.89 16.66 15.7 14.1
Forwent medical care g (%)
 explicit reason: affordability 5.15 - 4.83 - 5.52 -
 explicit reason: distance 0.05 - 0.15 - 0.17 -
Level of satisfaction with healthcare systems h (%)
 Satisfied - 34.26 - 39.15 - 36.15
 Not satisfied - 65.74 - 60.85 - 63.85
  1. aConstructed socio-economic strata (SES) by quintiles: poorest, poor (=2nd poorest), middle, affluent (=2nd richest), and richest
  2. bFive group of respondents: very good; good; neither good nor bad; bad, and very bad
  3. cUse of healthcare services: use of medical services from a family doctor, ambulatory clinic, polyclinic or village health centre within the preceding 30 days of responding to the enumerator
  4. dBasic Benefit Package (2006) is a publicly funded package that specifies services that are either fully funded (for certain socially vulnerable groups, such as those living in poverty) or partly covered; these services include primary care, maternity services, sanitary-epidemiological services and treatment for around 200 socially significant diseases. Emergency services are also covered, but with some co-payments for all but the socially vulnerable groups
  5. ePoverty alleviation coverage: Introduced in 1999 – a monthly cash benefit to very poor households using a proxy means testing mechanism (PMT) consisting of social risk category, number of family members incapable of working, place of residence, housing condition, private business, and family income
  6. fResponse to the question: ‘Which category do you think your family belongs to?’
  7. gForwent medical care: has not sought medical care, when asked the reasons for not seeking medical care within the preceding 30 days of responding to the enumerator
  8. hOpinion about healthcare services by the respondents who used healthcare services