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Table 3 Wealth related inequality and inequity in health care service utilization for diarrheal treatment, modern contraceptives and place of delivery by type of facility

From: Inequalities in utilization of maternal and child health services in Ethiopia: the role of primary health care

  2005 2011
  % using the service Contribution (%) Concentration index (95 % CI) Horizontal inequity index % using the service Contribution (%) Concentration index (95 % CI) Horizontal inequity index
Diarrhea treatment         
Government hospital 4.7 21.9 0.069 ((−0.220)–0.358) 0.085 0.7* 2.0 0.347 (0.048–0.645) 0.353
Government PHCa 14.3 66.5 0.191 (0.111–0.270) 0.197 23.6* 73.5 0.094 (0.022–0.167) 0.091
Private facilities 2.5 11.6 0.140 (0.030–0.277) 0.151 7.9* 24.4 0.262 (0.100–0.424) 0.274
Total 21.5 100    32.1 100   
Source of Modern contraceptive         
Government hospital 0.8 4.5 0.616 (0.336–0.897) 0.577 0.3* 1.7 0.484 (0.229–0.739) 0.485
Government PHCa 12.9 74.4 −0.080 ((–0.103)–(−0.057)) −0.083 15.9* 84.9 −0.071 ((−0.089)–(−0.054)) −0.071
Private facilities 2.7 15.7 0.171 (0.101–0.241) 0.183 1.9* 10.3 0.398 (0.269–0.528) 0.395
Other 0.9 5.4 0.095 ((−0.188)–0.186) 0.130 0.6** 3.1 0.359 (0.030–0.690) 0.373
Total 17.4 100    18.7 100   
Place of Delivery         
Government hospital 3.0 52.6 0.829 (0.761–0.896) 0.854 3.8* 37.8 0.792 (0.720–0.864) 0.815
Government PHCa 1.8 31.6 0.735 (0.637–0.834) 0.745 4.7* 47.1 0.670 (0.588–0.752) 0.702
Private facilities 0.9 15.8 0.487 (0.281–0.692) 0.433 1.5** 15.1 0.691 (0.575–0.809) 0.679
Total 5.7 100    10.0 100   
  1. Note: *Indicate the p-value for trend over the period 2005 and 2011 is <0.01. **Indicate the p-value for trend over the period 2005 and 2011 is >0.05. aPHC denotes primary health care facilities that include health centers, health stations and health posts