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Table 1 Average, first and fifth quintile values and concentration indices of selected maternal and child health indicators in Ethiopia (DHS: 2005 and 2011)

From: Inequalities in utilization of maternal and child health services in Ethiopia: the role of primary health care

Variables Average value (%) Lowest quintile value (%) Highest quintile value (%) Concentration index (95 % CI)
 Year of DHS 2005 2011 2005 2011 2005 2011 2005 2011
Health service utilization:         
 Measles immunization 34.9 55.7* 24.9 45.3 52.5 79.7 0.113 (0.096–0.130) 0.085 (0.074–0.096)
 Use of modern contraceptive methoda 17.4 18.7* 2.6 6.4 36.0 43.5 0.405 (0.369–0.441) 0.275 (0.247–0.303)
Morbidity:         
 ARI prevalence in children <5 years 15.9 19.7* 14.8 20.7 13.5 17.0 −0.004 ((−0.015)–0.023) −0.010 ((–0.048)-0.049)
 Diarrhea prevalence in children <5 years 17.2 15.0* 15.6 16.2 14.1 11.3 −0.037 ((-0.067)–(−0.007)) −0.029 ((−0.117)–0.059)
 Fever prevalence in children <5 years 17.6 19.3** 16.3 21.5 15.2 16.5 −0.025 ((−0.076)–0.026) −0.025 ((−0.099)–0.049)
 Prevalence of Stunting in children <5 years 47.0 44.0* 49.9 47.2 38.4 27.6 −0.026 ((−0.040)–(−0.012)) −0.048 ((−0.062)–(−0.038))
  1. Note: *Indicate the p-value for trend over the period 2005 and 2011 is <0.001. **Indicate the p-value for trend over the period 2005 and 2011 is <0.05. aAll women aged 15–49 is used as the denominator