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Table 2 Assessment of functioning in the studies (studies are listed in alphabetical order)

From: Capturing patients’ needs in casemix: a systematic literature review on the value of adding functioning information in reimbursement systems


Specification of functioning variables

Mode of data collection

Time point of data collection

Carpenter et al. (2007)

Indoor locomotion, eating, usage of toilets, personal hygiene, decision making, memory, making self-understood

Nurse assessment

Within 24 h of admission

Chuang et al. (2003)

Bathing, dressing, eating, toileting, transferring from a bed to a chair

Patient (or primary nurse/caregiver) interviews

On admission

Covinsky et al. (1997)

Bathing, dressing, grooming, transferring, eating, toileting

Interview of primary nurse or patient reports if nurse was not available

Within 48 h of admission

Dunstan et al. (1996)


Expert assessment

Within 1st week of admission

Evers et al. (2002)

Functional level before and after stroke

Maastricht Stroke Registry Hospital records

Not specified

Herwig et al. (2009)

Global assessment of functioning

Expert assessment using the GAF questionnaire

Not specified

Phillips & Hawes (1992)

Cognitive status

Dual expert assessments using orientation measures

24-h period

Pietz et al. (2004)

Physical functioning, role limitations resulting from physical problems, bodily pain, general health perceptions, energy/vitality, social functioning, role limitations resulting from emotional problems, mental health

Survey using the SF-36 questionnaire for Veterans

Within FY1998

Sahadevan et al. (2004)

Independent/dependent in 1 or more basic ADL

Not specified

On admission & at discharge

Warner et al. (2004)

Self-care functions

Veterans Affairs Spinal Cord Dysfunction Registry

Within the year 1995

  1. ADL Activities of Daily Living, FY fiscal year (from October, 1st-September 30th), GAF Global Assessment of Functioning, SF-12 12-item Short Form Health Survey, SF-36 36-item Short Form Health Survey