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Table 3 Matrix of behavioural outcomes, performance objectives, determinants, and proximal change objectives

From: Development of an e-supported illness management and recovery programme for consumers with severe mental illness using intervention mapping, and design of an early cluster randomized controlled trial

Behavioural Outcomes Performance Objectives Personal Determinants and the Related Proximal Change Objectives
   Knowledge Perceived Norms Attitude Skills/Self-Efficacy Awareness/Outcome Expectation
Having connections with other important people Disclose about having a SMI Lists people that respect him or her Recognize others need information to understand his or her SMI Acknowledge equality to others Express confidence in ability to explain to others about his or her SMI Expect disclosure will neutralize isolation
Acknowledge stigma in others
Express confidence in ability to solve problems related to social relations
Achieving personal recovery goals Plans and executes attainable steps to achieve personal recovery goals Defines what recovery means to him or her Recognize people with SMI can achieve goals and have strength Acknowledge it is worth trying to achieve goals Express confidence in ability to break down long-term recovery goals into short-term goals and attainable steps Estimate personal wishes and goals
Identifies personal long-term recovery goals Acknowledge personal pros and cons of being active Monitor goal achievements
Acknowledge there is hope for the future Express confidence in ability to solve problems related to executing the steps Expect that achieving goals will help coping with the illness
Identifies short-term goals and attainable steps Acknowledge that failure is common; not your fault
Reducing relapse of psychiatric symptoms Active coping (early) symptoms and stressors Define correlation between stress and biological vulnerability, symptoms, and relapse Recognize peers have similar symptoms and problems Acknowledge that he or she is the expert on his or her SMI Express confidence in ability to manage stressors actively according to relapse prevention plan Monitor symptoms
Expect active coping will prevent relapse and help to achieve goals
Acknowledge his or her stress vulnerability Express confidence in ability to solve problems related to coping with symptoms and stressors Monitor successful coping strategies
Lists personal (early) symptoms and stressors Recognize peers are respectful people Acknowledge personal pros and cons of active coping
Lists personal management strategies in a relapse prevention plan
Achieving goals and reducing relapse Arrange support regarding coping with symptoms and achieving goals Lists the people that are able to support him or her   Acknowledge dependence (on others) that empowers Express confidence in ability to explain (and ask for) what people can do to support them Expect social support helps to achieve goals and cope actively