Skip to main content

Table 1 Sample characteristics

From: Outcome-based health equity across different social health insurance schemes for the elderly in China

  2006 2010
Characteristics n = 19947 n = 19986
Age: mean (SDa) 71.18 (7.00) 72.25 (7.45)
 Range (years) 60–109 60–103
Sex: n (%) 19947 (100) 19986 (100)
 Men 10462 (52.4) 10338 (51.7)
 Women 9485 (47.6) 9648 (48.3)
Education: n (%) 19929 (100) 19957 (100)
 Illiteracy 7146 (35.9) 5779 (29.0)
 Primary school 7255 (36.4) 7772 (38.9)
 Junior middle school 2918 (14.6) 3635 (18.2)
 Senior middle school/Technical secondary school 1664 (8.3) 1780 (8.9)
 University and above 946 (4.7) 991 (5.0)
Individual incomeb: mean (SD) 483.35 (963.45) 886.61 (1689.56)
Hukou: n (%) 19914 (100) 19973 (100)
 Urban 9920 (49.8) 10054 (50.3)
 Rural 9994 (50.2) 9919 (49.7)
Numbers of chronic disease: mean (SD) 1.96 (2.00) 2.85 (1.92)
 Range 1–16 1–25
Social support: mean (SD) 12.05 (7.13) 19.80 (18.81)
Health insurance: n (%) 18662 (100) 19532 (100)
 UEBMI 6328 (33.9) 7423 (38.0)
 URBMIc —— 1853 (9.5)
 NCMS 4698 (25.2) 9675 (49.5)
 Uninsured 7636 (40.9) 581 (3.0)
  1. a SD standard deviation. bAs identified in the measurement, individual income includes income from work, social security, governmental allowances, financial income, and transferred income. cURBMI was initiated in 2007, that is why there is no data for 2006
\