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Table 1 Types of intellectual capital (IC) and healthcare examples

From: Intellectual capital in the healthcare sector: a systematic review and critique of the literature

Type of IC Definition Examples
Human Capital knowledge, skills and experiences owned and used by individuals Professional competencies and judgment
Specialized skills
Context-specific knowledge
Leadership and managerial skills
Personal dispositions
Structural Capital institutionalized knowledge and codified experience stored in databases, procedures, and the organizational culture Vision, mission, values, strategic plan
Programs, tools, and information systems
Ways of working together
Best practices
Relational Capital knowledge available through networks of relationships internal and external to the organization Patient/caregiver views and experiences
Nature of internal clinical-managerial relations Contracts/agreements and partnerships with other service providers or with government, research institutions, consultants, etc.
Brand, image, and reputation in the community