Skip to main content

Table 5 Patient characteristics related to hospital-based palliative care in the last year of life for people aged 18 years or more in NSW in 2007 (n = 45,749)

From: Acute hospital-based services used by adults during the last year of life in New South Wales, Australia: a population-based retrospective cohort study

   Palliative care indicator 1 (15 %) Palliative care indicator 2 (24 %)
  No. of deaths n (% within category) Adjusted OR (95 % CI) n (% within category) Adjusted OR (95 % CI)
Age at death    p < 0.0001   p < 0.0001
 18–59 5722 1068 (19) 0.89 (0.82–0.97) 1601 (28) 0.86 (0.80–0.93)
 60–79 15,723 3384 (22) 1.00 (reference) 5109 (32) 1.00 (reference)
 80–89 16,354 1936 (12) 0.73 (0.68–0.78) 3160 (19) 0.74 (0.70–0.79)
 90+ 7950 521 (7) 0.54 (0.49–0.61) 907 (11) 0.56 (0.51–0.61)
Sex    p = 0.45   p = 0.53
 Female 22,422 3121 (14) 1.00 (reference) 4877 (22) 1.00 (reference)
 Male 23,117 3788 (16) 0.98 (0.92–1.04) 5900 (26) 0.98 (0.93–1.04)
 Unknown 210 0 (0) Not included 0 (0) Not included
Country of birth    p < 0.0001   p < 0.0001
 Australia 33,862 4649 (14) 1.00 (reference) 7650 (23) 1.00 (reference)
 Other 11,536 2258 (20) 1.28 (1.20–1.37) 3125 (27) 1.17 (1.10–1.24)
 Unknown 351 2 (1) Not included 2 (1) Not included
Place of residencea    p < 0.0001   p < 0.0001
 Major cities 30,907 5538 (18) 1.00 (reference) 7809 (25) 1.00 (reference)
 Inner regional 10,990 1060 (10) 0.46 (0.42–0.50) 2201 (20) 0.75 (0.70–0.81)
 Outer regional/Remote/Very remote 3396 297 (9) 0.36 (0.31–0.42) 746 (22) 0.81 (0.72–0.90)
 Unknown 462 14 (3) Not included 21 (5) Not included
Socioeconomic statusb    p < 0.0001   p = 0.01
 Most disadvantaged quintile 9045 1409 (16) 1.27 (1.15–1.40) 2231 (25) 1.02 (0.93–1.12)
 Quintile 2 10,207 1317 (13) 0.86 (0.78–0.95) 2238 (22) 0.76 (0.69–0.82)
 Quintile 3 10,169 1405 (14) 0.88 (0.80–0.97) 2133 (21) 0.72 (0.66–0.79)
 Quintile 4 7878 1358 (17) 1.02 (0.93–1.12) 2039 (26) 0.99 (0.90–1.07)
 Least disadvantaged quintile 7943 1403 (18) 1.00 (reference) 2109 (27) 1.00 (reference)
 Unknown 507 17 (3) Not included 27 (5) Not included
Cause of death    p < 0.0001   p < 0.0001
 Circulatory system 15,500 679 (4) 1.00 (reference) 1227 (8) 1.00 (reference)
 Cancer 13,441 5253 (39) 12.88 (11.81–14.05) 7841 (58) 14.89 (13.88–15.96)
 Other known cause 15,226 896 (6) 1.30 (1.17–1.44) 1564 (10) 1.29 (1.19–1.39)
 Cause not known 1582 81 (5) Not included 145 (9) Not included
  1. Palliative Care Indicator 1 admitted to an inpatient hospice or had a hospital admission flagged with “saw palliative team”, Palliative Care Indicator 2 any mention of current or future palliative care (including Indicator 1) or referred to an inpatient hospice, OR odds ratio adjusted for all other factors in table, CI confidence interval
  2. aBased on Australian Bureau of Statistics’ Accessibility Remoteness Index for Australia
  3. bUsing population-based quintiles of the Australian Bureau of Statistics’ index of relative disadvantage