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Table 1 Percent distribution of household characteristics in the UDHS 2011 and the current survey

From: Population level usage of health services, and HIV testing and care, prior to decentralization of antiretroviral therapy in Agago District in rural Northern Uganda

Characteristic UDHS 2011 Survey
Urban Rural  
  n = 2551 n = 6482 n = 1401a
Household Headshipb
 Male 69.0 70.8 456 (61.5)
 Female 31.0 29.2 286 (38.5)
Main water sourcec
 River NA NA 2 (0.1)
 Well/Spring 12.5 28.4 10 (0.7)
 Borehole 11.8 43.9 1370 (97.9)
 Rain catchment 0.5 1.4 1 (0.1)
 Water tap in house/plot 27.9 1.5 0 (0.0)
 Trench NA NA 8 (0.6)
 Dam NA NA 9 (0.6)
 Stand pipe/public tap 38.9 8.2 NA
 Bottle water 4.6 0.4 NA
 Tanker truck/vendor 2.2 0.9 NA
 Surface water 1.0 14.6 NA
 Other 0.6 0.8 NA
Toilet
 Pit latrine 67.4 83.4 501 (35.8)
 VIP latrine 18.6 4.2 12 (0.9)
 Flush toilet 11.3 0.3 0 (0.0)
 Other toilet 0.8 0.6 4 (0.3)
 Toilet type not specified 0.0 0.0 20 (1.4)
 No facility  1.8  11.5 864 (61.7) 
Predominant Lightingd
 Electricity 55.9 3.9 11 (0.8)
 Paraffin lantern/Candle 35.4 86.7 1339 (96.3)
 Wax candle 5.8 2.0 5 (0.4)
 Others 3.0 7.5 36 (2.6)
Household Possessions
 Mosquito Net 80.9 72.4 844 (60.8)
 Radio 71.8 64.6 349 (25.0)
 Television 45.0 4.9 4 (0.3)
 Mobile phone 86.8 53.1 395 (28.3)
Means of transport
 Bicycle 19.5 41.1 497 (35.6)
 Motorcycle 11.4 7.1 42 (3.0)
 Car/truck 10.1 1.6 3 (0.2)
  1. aFor the PBS numbers and percentages of households are provided. Where numbers do not sum to total, this is due to missing data. Percentages are of non-missing data
  2. bNot all participants interviewed for the PBS household questionnaire were heads of household and this information is only available if the head of household was interviewed
  3. cThe choices for water source did not completely overlap between the 2 surveys. NA indicates the choice was not available and zero indicates it was available but not selected
  4. dTaken from Uganda AIDS Indicator Survey, 2011 [2] as not available in the UDHS Survey [17]