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Table 2 Assessment of Risk Factors and Components Offered

From: Cardiac rehabilitation in Canada and Arab countries: comparing availability and program characteristics

  Arab Canadian
  n % n a %
Risk Factors Assessed in the Programc
Body Mass Index 5 100.0 35 100.0
Tobacco Use 5 100.0 35 97.2
Low and high-density lipoprotein 5 100.0 33 94.3
HbA1c among patients with Diabetes 5 100.0 33 94.3
Total Cholesterol 5 100.0 32 94.1
Harmful Use of Alcohol 5 100.0 32 88.9
Blood Pressure 4 80.0 36 100.0
Waist Circumference 4 80.0 35 100.0
Triglycerides 4 80.0 27 81.8
Glucose for Non-Diabetics 4 80.0 27 81.8
Sleep Apnea 4 80.0 18 54.5
Time Being Sedentary 3 60.0 23 63.9
Otherd 0 0.0 4 57.1
Cardiac Rehabilitation Components
Patient Education 5 100.0 36 100.0
Initial Assessment 4 80.0 35 100.0
Exercise Prescription 4 80.0 35 100.0
Nutrition Counselling 4 80.0 34 100.0
Prescription or Titration of Secondary Prevention Medications 4 80.0 22 62.9
End of Program Re-Assessment 3 60.0 34 100.0
Supervised Exercise Training 3 60.0 35 100.0
Heart Rate Measurement 3 60.0 35 100.0
Communication with Primary Care 3 60.0 35 100.0
CVD Risk Factor Management 3 60.0 33 97.1
Relaxation techniques 3 60.0 33 97.1
Smoking Cessation 3 60.0 27 77.1
6-Minute Walk Test 3 60.0 24 72.7
Self-Management Training 3 60.0 22 66.7
Psychological Counselling 3 60.0 18 52.9
Women’s Only Classes 3 60.0 3 9.1
Physical Activity Counselling 2 40.0 35 100.0
Depression Screening 2 40.0 29 85.3
Exercise Stress Test 2 40.0 29 82.9
Other Stress Testse 1 20.0 8 26.7
Alternative Forms of Exerciseb 1 20.0 9 26.5
  1. Abbreviations: HbA1 c Glycated Hemoglobin, CVD Cardiovascular disease
  2. aNote: Some respondents did not answer each item and so valid percentages are reported
  3. be.g., yoga, dance, tai chi
  4. crespondents were asked to check all that apply
  5. dOther responses included: stress, depression, and arthritis (which is not a risk factor per se)
  6. eFor the Arab program, it was cardiopulmonary exercise test; for the Canadian programs, respondents reported nuclear stress test, stress echocardiogram, and cardiopulmonary exercise test