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Table 5 Actual and suggested optimal staffing mix for VA SUDTPs

From: Toward cost-effective staffing mixes for Veterans Affairs substance use disorder treatment programs

Staff Inpatient Residential Intensive outpatient Standard outpatient
Actual Suggested Actual Suggested Actual Suggested Actual Suggested
FY01-FY03 FY01-FY03 FY01-FY03 FY01-FY03
mean % (SD) % mean % (SD) % mean % (SD) % mean % (SD) %
MD 7.41 (5.11) 19.87 5.39 (3.97) 0.80 7.06 (8.29) 0.00 8.56 (9.53) 0.00
RESMD 0.41 (1.24) 0.00 0.22 (0.85) 0.53 4.11 (7.93) 0.00 2.85 (5.60) 0.00
PRACT 6.44 (9.29) 0.00 5.99 (6.60) 14.50 7.65 (15.58) 8.55 9.12 (20.44) 0.00
PSYCH 5.55 (9.65) 5.75 5.49 (4.46) 15.00 8.51 (8.74) 33.33 7.01 (7.53) 0.74
SOCWK 10.09 (8.60) 29.63 12.50 (7.82) 28.57 9.14 (8.32) 0.00 11.95 (12.30) 8.29
ADTHR 12.46 (11.16) 0.00 26.77 (23.25) 11.37 29.74 (17.56) 0.00 29.63 (25.86) 0.00
OCTHR 3.36 (2.76) 6.95 3.43 (3.22) 0.00 2.85 (4.19) 0.00 2.08 (5.11) 0.00
RN 22.64 (14.91) 0.00 10.44 (9.18) 29.22 14.17 (10.22) 0.00 11.23 (12.34) 0.00
LVN 15.79 (12.95) 32.06 3.18 (8.23) 0.00 2.20 (6.66) 0.00 0.72 (2.49) 0.00
CLERC 5.20 (3.32) 0.00 7.24 (5.61) 0.00 4.94 (4.56) 0.00 11.77 (9.61) 29.41
AIDES 9.78 (12.96) 0.00 17.47 (20.16) 0.00 4.88 (9.73) 33.12 3.59 (12.90) 46.81
PDTR 0.88 (1.91) 5.75 1.88 (4.36) 0.00 4.75 (8.07) 25.00 1.49 (3.13) 14.75
Benefits ($) 5989.96 14,808.92 5888.00 17,904.42 3179.05 10,319.39 1330.67 2136.45
Costs ($) 6286.93 298.46 7408.10 161.05 9072.54 1012.52 8140.95 664.27
Net benefits ($) −296.97 14,510.46 −1520.10 17,743.37 −5893.49 9306.87 −6810.28 1472.18
  1. MD: % psychiatrists or mds; RESMD: % resident physicians or fellows; PRACT: % nurse practitioners or physicians assistants; PSYCH: % psychologists; SOCWK: % social workers; ADTHR: % addiction therapists; OCTHR: % recreational/occupational therapists; RN: % registered nurses; LVN: % licensed vocational/practical nurses; CLERC: % clerical staff; AIDES: % aides/technicians; PDTR: % paid trainees